Russia: Tsarist and Communist

By Anatole G. Mazour | Go to book overview
Save to active project

The Reign of Nicholas II: From Revolution to World War I(1906-14)


AFTER THE defeat of 1905 Russia resumed the position of a passive power in the East and resumed an active diplomatic role in the West. The first sign of this shift was noted early in 1906 at the Algeciras Conference, during which a notable event took place: Russia was in no position to risk a crisis in which military aid might be involved. She was therefore instrumental in formulating a compromise between Germany and France; but in the end it was a diplomatic victory for Paris. The Franco-Russian Alliance, given a serious test at Algeciras, came out tempered and ready to weather even graver crises. Meanwhile, having passed the first turning point, France decided that Anglo-Russian relations could be improved and the Entente consolidated into a more powerful diplomatic bloc.

With Germany continuously rising to challenge the naval supremacy of Britain and Russian aspirations in the Near East, the two traditional foes of the past century, the British and Russian Empires, were offered compelling reasons to reexamine their diplomatic relations. The year 1907 marked two outstanding developments in Russian diplomacy. One was the signing at St. Petersburg on July 30 of a Russo-Japanese Convention, which provided for the maintenance of the status quo in the Far East. The convention marked a definite desire to let the state of affairs as set by the Treaty of Portsmouth rest on a permanent basis. The other was the Anglo- Russian Agreement concluded at St. Petersburg on August 31; in scope and consequence this pact was of even greater importance than the Russo-Japanese Convention.

The Anglo-Russian Agreement of 1907 was a diplomatic revolution equal to the Franco-Austrian rapprochement in the middle of the eighteenth century. It ended a long phase of rivalry in the Near East and Central Asia; part of this rivalry was real; part of it, like the fear of Russia's seizure of India, was based on unfounded and traditional suspicions. The Agreement of 1907 contained the following provisions: Afghanistan was recognized as a British sphere of influence; Tibet was within the sphere of China; Persia was divided into three zones, the northern zone being Russian, the southern British, and the central area lying between the two


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Russia: Tsarist and Communist
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 1000

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?