Russia: Tsarist and Communist

By Anatole G. Mazour | Go to book overview
Save to active project

The Soviet Revolution (1917-1921)


ON NOVEMBER 8, 1917, the All-Russian Congress of Soviets announced the names of the new 'Provisional Workers' and Peasants' Government which presumably was to govern the country until the meeting of the Constituent Assembly. The head of the newly formed government was to be a Council of People's Commissars, accountable to the All-Russian Congress and its Central Executive Committee. The chairmanship of the Soviet of People's Commissars was given to Lenin, with Trotsky in charge of foreign affairs and Stalin heading the Commissariat of Affairs of the Nationalities.

As soon as the Soviet under the leadership of the Bolshevik Party seized power, on November 8, a Land Decree was promulgated, announcing among other provisions, the following:

The right of private ownership of land is abolished forever. Land cannot be sold, bought, leased, mortgaged, or alienated in any manner whatsoever. All land--state, appanage, cabinet, monastery, church, entail, private, communal, peasant, and any other lands pass to the nation without indemnification and are turned over for the use of those who till them. . . .

All the underground resources, such as ores, petroleum, coal, salt, etc., as forests and waters which have national importance, are transferred for the exclusive use of the state. . . .

The land is to be divided equally among the toilers, according to needs or labor capacity, depending on local conditions. Each community is to decide for itself how its land is to be apportioned, whether it is to be held collectively or as homesteads or artels.

The ascendancy of the Bolshevik Party was no assurance of an immediate establishment of peace; it was only a step in the direction of a greater and more bitter struggle of universal scope. It was to initiate a world-wide struggle between two camps: the 'exploited' and 'exploiters'; it was to engage the two in a battle for the emancipation of the former and the elimination of the latter. It was the basic faith of the leaders that national boundaries were to be obliterated--the proletariat has no fatherland but the world--and that the common interest of the toiling masses would bring them into a single army of the working people for the 'last and

Frank Golder, Documents of Russian History, 623-24.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Russia: Tsarist and Communist
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 1000

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?