Diversity and Citizenship Education: Global Perspectives

By James A. Banks | Go to book overview
Save to active project


Stephen Murphy-Shigematsu

IT IS A MATTER OF DEBATE exactly when I became Japanese. Some people would say it happened when I was born to a Japanese mother in Occupied Japan. Since my mother was Japanese, I too naturally became Japanese. By this line of reasoning, having a Japanese parent is what makes one Japanese—it's in the genes or blood.

Others would say, no, since the nationality law at that time required the children of internationally married couples to assume the nationality of the father, my birth to a Japanese mother did not, in fact, make me Japanese. I therefore became an American and did not become Japanese until I naturalized as an adult and started my own family register and received a Japanese passport. In other words, having the proper documents for citizenship is what makes one Japanese.

Then there are those who claim that I became Japanese at some uncertain time when I acquired the undetermined but necessary qualities simply by living in Japan. Being Japanese is neither a matter of biology nor nationality but is something more nebulous that anyone can acquire through residing in a community and participating in local and national culture. One acquires credentials simply by reading newspapers, watching television,


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Diversity and Citizenship Education: Global Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 492

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?