Chapter 18 covers the eight Parts of Speech in considerable detail, but its range is restricted. Although some of the material on verbs, adjectives and adverbs looks at compounds-structures of more than one word expressing a uniform linguistic concept-on the whole its focus is on single words. This section is mainly devoted to the further study of compounds-phrases and clauses that do the work of verbs, nouns and so on. In addition, it covers certain other sophisticated matters 'postponed' from the earlier section.
I stressed at the outset that this Primer is not a fully comprehensive work, and I do not claim to cover every matter pertaining to Parts of Speech. But I do hope that between them Chapters 18 and 21 take care of most of the things that you need to know or will find useful.
Please read these elementary sentences:
1. I am going into town.
2. He drives like a maniac.
3. They all detest pasta.
In each case there is an implicit sense of speech: as we read we hear the words as well. And to make that sense of speech explicit doesn't require much effort or ingenuity:
1a. 'I am going into town, ' he told them.
2a. 'He drives like a maniac.' she observed.
3a. 'They all detest pasta, ' the waiter explained. *
* At this juncture the difference between writing direct speech and reported speech is my chief concern, not the mechanics and conventions of speech punctuation. I deal fully with the latter in Chapter 22.