Parapsychology: Research on Exceptional Experiences

By Jane Henry | Go to book overview

Chapter 14

Apparitions and encounters
Andrew Mackenzie and Jane HenryAn apparition entails a perceptual experience in which a person or animal (deceased or living) appears to be present though they are not (at least physically). The ghost of folklore is seen as an apparition of a dead person who may 'haunt' the same place repeatedly. Apparition and ghost experiences are common to most cultures.
Types
Most spontaneously occurring apparitions are of people, who may be dead, dying or alive at the time their apparitions are sensed. People also report apparitions of, or encounters with, other beings such as spirits, angels and aliens. Some apparitions are associated with other more impersonal phenomena such as mists or lights. Here apparitional experiences are considered under four categories:
1 Hauntings and apparitions of the dead
2 Apparitions of the dying and those undergoing a crisis
3 Apparitions of the living
4 Encounters with spirits, aliens and other beings

The last category includes reports of striking visions, such as those of the Virgin Mary, historical reports of visitations by demons and more recent reports of visitations by apparent aliens.


Apparitions ofthe dead

About two-thirds of apparitional experiences are of the dead; although a lower proportion has been reported in a younger sample (Palmer 1979, p. 228). Perhaps they knew fewer dead people!

-175-

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Parapsychology: Research on Exceptional Experiences
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Illustrations viii
  • About the Authors ix
  • Acknowledgements xii
  • Introduction 1
  • Parapsychology 5
  • Chapter 1 - Parapsychology 7
  • Chapter 2 - Methodology 28
  • Chapter 3 - Meta-Analyses 42
  • Chapter 4 - Psychological Factors 64
  • Chapter 5 - Scepticism 80
  • Paranormal Cognition 91
  • Chapter 6 - Second Sight 93
  • Chapter 7 - Extrasensory Perception 99
  • Chapter 8 - Precognition and Premonitions 108
  • Chapter 9 - Animal Psi 114
  • Paranormal Action 123
  • Chapter 10 - Psychokinesis 125
  • Chapter 11 - Healing 137
  • Chapter 12 - Shamanism 149
  • Anomalous Experience 165
  • Chapter 13 - Coincidence 167
  • Chapter 14 - Apparitions and Encounters 175
  • Chapter 15 - Out-Of-Body Experiences 188
  • Chapter 16 - Near-Death Experiences 196
  • Chapter 17 - Imagery 204
  • After-Life Associations 213
  • Chapter 18 - Survival 215
  • Chapter 19 - Reincarnation 224
  • Chapter 20 - Religion 233
  • Appendices 243
  • Appendix 1 245
  • Appendix 2 248
  • Index 254
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