The Communist Movement in the Arab World

By Tareq Y. Ismael | Go to book overview
Save to active project

2

The Soviet legacy

After the Seventh Congress of the Comintern (1935), ideology in the Soviet Union became an explicit tool of state policy. In effect, this represented the subordination of ideology to state interests. The change in the relationship between ideology and state in the Soviet Union had a profound impact on the development of Arab communist parties. This chapter examines this impact over the course of the twentieth century.


Arab communist parties under Stalin

Under Stalin, the Soviet State conceived of the Arab communist parties primarily as a tool of Soviet foreign policy. Stalin was highly suspicious of genuinely popular and successful revolutionary groups, since such groups were correspondingly less reliant on Soviet assistance and, hence, less amenable to Soviet control. To counter the independence of Third World communists, Stalin insisted on rigid discipline within, and tight Soviet control of, foreign parties, despite the often-detrimental effect this had on their political appeal. 1

As a result of both the popular front tactics which were promulgated at the Seventh Congress of the Comintern (1935), and the intensification of great power conflict in Europe, particularly the rise of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, the colonial question receded into the background. At the Congress, the Comintern re-emphasized the utility of the united front and communist parties were directed to renew alliances with national bourgeoisies against [international] imperialism. 2 Indeed, one slogan, which emerged from the Congress, was the statement that “the work for the creation of an anti-imperialist front is the main task of the communists.” 3 Arab parties followed the Congress's instruction by forging tactical alliances with some of the same parties they had broken with following the Sixth Congress in 1928. This shift to align with the bourgeoisie was seen especially in Iraq, where the communist movement supported the military coup of 1936, and in Syria, where, between 1936 and 1945, the movement cooperated (and even offered to amalgamate) with al-Kutlah al-Wataniyah and other bourgeois parties.

-17-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Communist Movement in the Arab World
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 209

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?