The Communist Movement in the Arab World

By Tareq Y. Ismael | Go to book overview

Appendix 3

“The Tasks of the Communist Party of Palestine in the Countryside”*

1 Starting from the premise that, in an agrarian country such as Palestine, it is the peasant revolution that is the most significant, and considering that the basic task of the communist movement - the national and social liberation of the country from British imperialism, from the Zionist and effendi (landowner) yoke - is the prerequisite for the struggle for the ultimate goal - the dictatorship of the proletariat - the Communist Party must, in the first place, increase only those cadres of the revolutionary forces which could direct the peasant activities on the right road, the cadres of revolutionary Arab workers. The Arabization of the party, that is, its transformation into the real party of the Arab working masses, is thus the first and the basic condition for successful work in the countryside.

2 Together with this the party, continuously strengthening its influence on the urban workers (industrial, transport, and unskilled labor), who constitute its main support, must begin to create durable ties with the mass of landless peasants and those with very little land. A great number of semi-proletarians (seasonal workers) and agricultural workers serve in Arab countries as the vital link between the peasantry and the young urban working class. Therefore the Communist Party of Palestine must direct all its efforts toward an active struggle for the semi-proletarians and agricultural workers.

The most important task is the creation of unions of builders, who are engaged in public construction, as well as unions of agricultural workers. The setting forth of specific demands to improve the condition of the agricultural workers, such as: the increase of their wages, etc., under the specific conditions prevailing in Palestine, must be accompanied by an energetic and continuous campaign against the crowding out of Arab workers by Zionists, and the creation of a united front of Arab and Jewish workers for the struggle against Zionist usurpation and exploitation

* Resolution of the Eighth Congress of the Communist Party of Palestine. Published in Arabic in Ila al-Aman (Forward), the organ of the Communist Party of Palestine, 1931, as found in Ivar Spector, The Soviet Union and the Muslim World 1917-1958 (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1959), pp. 156-160.

-143-

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The Communist Movement in the Arab World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables viii
  • Preface ix
  • 1 - The Heritage of Arab Communist Parties 1
  • 2 - The Soviet Legacy 17
  • 3 - The Soviet Union and Arab Issues: 1919-1967 41
  • 4 - The Soviet Union and Arab Issues: 1967-1984 71
  • 5 - Perestroika and After 84
  • 6 - The Crisis of Communism in the Arab World 102
  • Appendix 1 124
  • Appendix 2 133
  • Appendix 3 143
  • Appendix 4 147
  • Appendix 5 163
  • Appendix 6 180
  • Notes 186
  • Index 205
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