The situation in which vernacular music, especially jazz, was placed in New York City, as well as the actions taken by the musicians for change in its legal status, have to be understood as the result of several forces. These include the social and economic characteristics of the clubs, popular tastes and social mores about music, the history and politics of the musicians union, the needs of the musicians themselves, conventional zoning policies and finally city government, all operating within a framework of laws, including state and more especially local regulations, procedural rules for administrative agencies and courts, as well as federal labor laws and the Constitution. The laws both shape and are shaped by the other social institutions.
Clubs that offer vernacular music have changed since the time of Prohibition. The clubs have always been sought out by young, middle-class listeners looking for ever more intimate, bohemian hangouts. The few years in the sixties when young people were deserting the bars for coffeehouses with entertainment was a particularly dramatic moment in that search, which has not been abandoned even though the entertainment has
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Publication information: Book title: Gigs: Jazz and the Cabaret Laws in New York City. Edition: 2nd. Contributors: Paul Chevigny - Author. Publisher: Routledge. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 2005. Page number: 167.
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