Ethnic Violence and the Societal Security Dilemma

By Paul Roe | Go to book overview
Save to active project

2

The 'ethnic' security dilemma and the former Yugoslavia

During the period of the Cold War, the concept of the security dilemma came to occupy a central position in explaining the emergence and escalation of international (inter-state) conflict. However, with the collapse of Communism throughout Central and Eastern Europe, the main site of application for the concept, superpower rivalry, soon disappeared. Thus, the challenge for those within the IR discipline was to find a new context for a concept that, somewhat abruptly, seemed to have lost much of its raison d'être.

In 1993, Barry Posen's article 'The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict' appeared. 1 In it, Posen proposed furthering the application of the concept to incorporate the intra-state level, proffering an explanation for the outbreak of violence and war between neighbouring ethnic groups. Since Posen, other writers have followed; utilising what can be labelled as an 'ethnic security dilemma'. The application of the ethnic security dilemma has been focused predominantly on the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia: those in Croatia and in Bosnia-Hercegovina. In this chapter, I critically examine existing approaches to the ethnic security dilemma largely through these particular cases, focusing mainly on the work of Posen, plus Stuart J. Kaufman, and Erik Melander. In doing so, I qualify the approaches of the three writers using the 'tight', 'regular', and 'loose' security dilemma categorisation. I then go on to argue that the utility of the ethnic security dilemma is somewhat limited by its failure to explicitly address those insecurities deriving from threats to 'societal' identity.

To begin with, though, it is necessary to see how the role of the security dilemma fits alongside other explanations for ethnic violence and war. Here, I follow Kaufman's example by setting different approaches in the framework of IR's traditional three levels of analysis.


Approaches to ethnic conflict

According to Kaufman, existing approaches to ethnic violence and war can profitably be viewed through relocating Kenneth Waltz's classic three 'images' of international conflict 2 to the intra-state context. Kaufman argues that 'first image' (human nature), 'second image' (the nature of states and elite

-25-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Ethnic Violence and the Societal Security Dilemma
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 205

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.