Avon and Dorset Division
Wessex Water Authority
Control of floodplain development in Britain is not founded on national standards, or at the local level on strict zoning laws. Instead it is based on an essentially voluntary system of consultation between water authorities and planning authorities. The system is consistent with the UK procedure in certain other fields where different aspects of the public interest must be balanced.
This chapter examines the development control system by reviewing its operation in the Avon and Dorset Division of Wessex Water Authority. The application of the development control guidance provided by central government is discussed in terms of location and type of development. The point is made that the availability of good floodplain data is of utmost importance if the development control system is to continue to work effectively.
Primary responsibility for floodplain development control in Britain is shared by two central government agencies: the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the Department of the Environment (DoE). Under the Land Drainage Act 1976 MAFF has an interest in matters relating to land drainage which includes flooding, while the DoE is responsible for planning control. As explained in Section II Britain's regional water authorities generally exercise drainage and flood control power on behalf of MAFF, while local governments have planning authority through Town and Country Planning Acts under DoE supervision.
The precise nature of the authority available under the different acts depends, among other things, on the watercourse in question. Rivers in England and Wales are effectively divided into two categories by virtue of the
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Flood Hazard Management: British and International Perspectives. Contributors: John Handmer - Editor. Publisher: Geo Books. Place of publication: Norwich, England. Publication year: 1987. Page number: 81.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.