Securing Democracy: Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe

By Geoffrey Pridham | Go to book overview

Chapter nine

To be or not to be within the European Community: the party debate and democratic consolidation in Greece

Susannah Verney


Democratic consolidation and the Greek transition

Although political scientists are still feeling their way towards an understanding of what constitutes a consolidated democracy, the definitions which they have produced so far indicate that the key lies in the perceptions of the political actors. Thus M. Cotta believes that 'full consolidation' can be regarded as achieved when all the major political forces 'accept the fundamental rules of the democratic game and are confident that each other will comply with them'. 1 The implication would seem to be that democratic consolidation is largely an intellectual process of modifying attitudes to the system until the point where all those involved are prepared to play by its rules.

Meanwhile for Philippe Schmitter, consolidation means 'converting patterns into structures', with the actors coming 'to regard the rules and resources of these emergent structures as given, if not desirable'. 2 This suggests that the establishment of a new democratic system falls into two phases, with consolidation as the period of habituation to the structures set up during the transition from the previous regime.

Geoffrey Pridham has suggested that the shift from the first stage to the second occurs with the 'closing of options' at the first two levels of parliamentary institutionalization. In his three-level model of this process, he defines the 'macro-choice' as the initial decision to adopt a liberal democratic model; the 'meso-choice' concerns whether the system will be presidential or parliamentary and also determines the nature of popular representation through the selection of electoral law; while the last level is the 'micro-choice' rules of the game of the agreed institutional structures. 3

The Greek transition occurred very rapidly. In the midst of a national crisis with war against Turkey apparently imminent, former Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis, recalled from his Parisian exile by the political and military leadership, was able to establish a liberal democratic model which marked a major break with the past. While the

-203-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Securing Democracy: Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 227

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.