Handbook of Health Psychology

By Andrew Baum; Tracey A. Revenson et al. | Go to book overview

interventions focus on changing those variables that have the greatest probability of influencing the likelihood that members of a given population will engage in the behavior in question.8


Acknowledgments

This chapter is dedicated to Marshall Becker, a true pioneer in health psychology. His contributions and humanity will be greatly missed. The chapter is a slightly revised version of M. Fishbein, A. Bandura, H. C. Triandis, F. H. Kanfer, M. H. Becker, S. E. Middlestadt, & A. Eichler (1992), Factros Influencing Behavior and Behavior Change: Final Report—Theorist's Workshop. Bethesda: NIMH. We are greatful to Dr. Bandura for his input on social cognitive theory, and in particular, for the definition, description and assessment of self- efficacy. Because of his strong belief that science is best advanced by developing a single theory (rather than by integrating parts of different theories), Dr. Bandura chose not to be a coauthor of the present chapter.


REFERENCES

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Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations sueiat cugnitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1992). Exercise of personal agency through the self-efficacy mechanism. In R. Schwarzer (Ed.), Self-eficacy: Thought control of action (pp. 3–38). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory and exercise of control over HIV infection. In R. J. DiClemente & J. L. Peterson (Eds.), Preventing ADS: Theories and methods of behavioral interventions (pp. 1–20). New York: Plenum.

Becker, M. H. (1974). The health belief model and personal health behavior. Health Education Monographs, 2, 324–508.

Becker, M. H. (1988). AIDS and behavior change. Public Health Reviews, 16, 1–11.

CDC AIDS Community Demonstration Projects Research Group. (1999). Community-level HIV intervention in 5 cities: Final outcome data from the CDC AIDS Community Demonstartion Projects. AJPH, 89(3), 1–10.

Cleghom, F., Weller, P., Helquist, M., Woods, W., Rohde, F., & Middlestadt, S. E. (1991). Improving the reliability of an observation instrument to assess condom skills. Paper presented at the U.S.A.I.D. AIDS Prevention Conference, Rosslyn, VA.

Eisler, R, M., Miller, P. M., & Hersen, M. (1973). Components of Assertive Behavior. Journal of Clinical Psycholoy, 29, 259–299.

Fishbein, M. (1980). A theory of reasoned action: Some applications and implications. In H. Howe & M. Page (Eds.), Nebraska Sympusium on Mutivation, 1979 (pp. 65–116). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief attitude, intention and behavior: An intruduction to theory and research. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Fishbein, M., Guenther-Grey, C., Johnson, W. D., Wolitski, R. J., McAlister, A., Rietmeijer, C. A., O'Reilly, K., & The AIDS Community Demonstration Projects. (1994). Using a theory- based community intervention to reduce AIDS risk behaviors: The CDC's AIDS Comunity Demonstraion Projects. In S. Oskarnp & S. C. Thompson (Eds.), understanding and preventing HIV risk behavior: Safer sex and drug use (pp. 177–206). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fishbein, M., Middlestadt, S. E., & Hitchcock, P. J. (1991). Using information to change sexually transmitted disease-related behaviors: An analysis based on the theory of reasoned action. In J. N. Wasserheit, S. O. Aral, & K. K. Holmes (Eds.), Research issues in human behavior and sexually transmitted diseases in the AIDS era (pp. 243–257). Washington, Microbiology.

French, J. R. P., Jr., & Raven, B. H. (1959). The basis of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power (pp. 150–167). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Hersen, M., & Bellack, A. S. (1976). Social skills caning for chronic psychiatric patients: Rationale, research findings, and future directions. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 17, 559–780.

Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The health belief model: A decade later. Health Education Quarterly, 11, 147.

Kamb, M, L., Fishbein, M., Douglas, J. M., Rhodes, F., Rogers, J., Bolan, G., Zenilman, J., Hoxworth, T., Mallotte, C. K., Iatesta, M., Kent, C., Lentz, A., Graziano, S., Byers, R. H., Peterman, T. A., & The Project RESPECT Study Group. (1998). HIV/STD prevention counselling for high-risk behaviors: Results frum a multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(13), 1161–1167.

Kanfer, F. H. (1970). Self-regulation: Research, issues and speculations. In C. Neuringir & J. L. Michael (Eds.), Behavior modification in clinical Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Kanfer, F. H., & Shefft, B. K. (1988). Guiding the process of therapeutic change. Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Kanfer, R., & Kanfer, F. HI (1991). Goals and self regulation: Applications of theory to work settings. In M, L. Maehr & P. R. Pintrich 7, pp. 287–326). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Kelly, J. A., Murphy, D. A., Sikkema, K. J., & Kalichman, S. C. (1993). Psychological interventions to prevent HIV infection are urgently needed: New priorities for behavioral research in the second decade of AIDS. American Psychologist, 48(10), 1023–1034.

Kelly, J. A., St. Lawrence, J. S., Hood, H. V., & Brasfield, T. L. (1989). Behaviors intervention to reduce AIDS risk activities. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 60–67.

Montgomery, S. B., Joseph, J. G., Becker, M. H., Ostrow, D. G., Kessler, R. C., & Kirscht, J. P. (1989). The health belief model in understing compliance with preventive recommendations for AIDS: HOW useful? AIDS Education and Prevention, 1, 303–323.

Nisbett, R. E., & ROSS, L. (1980). Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings uf social judgment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice.Hall.

____________________
8
The theorists workshop that produced this paper was held in 1991. At that time, most AIDS psychosocial research was directed at identifying factors that put people at risk for acquriing or transmitting AIDS or at understanding the determinants of “safer” or “riskier” behaviors. There were few, if any, theory-based behavioral interventions to prevent the acquisition or transmission of HIV. Since that time, many of the ideas presented in this paper have served as the theoretical underpinnings for a number of successful behavior change interventions. For illusrations of how the concepts and measures described in the paper have been used to design, implement, and evaluate multi-site behavior change interventions at both the community and individual level, see Fishbein et al, (1996), the CDC AIDS Community Demonstartion Projects Research Group (1999), and Kamb et al. (1998).

-16-

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