Handbook of Health Psychology

By Andrew Baum; Tracey A. Revenson et al. | Go to book overview
changed the way medical students are taught about evaluating chest pain and have resulted in the reporting of other gender disparities on such topics as renal transplants (Held, Pauly, Bovbjerg, Newmann, & Salvatierra, 1988) and HIV/AIDS (Bastian et al., 1993). The recognition that there is a need to improve the training of clinicians in women's health, has led to the development of a new interdisciplinary specialty in women's health (Wallis, 1992). One consequence of the focus on women's health has been the widening of the definition of health to include social interactions, domestic issues, mental health, and reproductive function (Litt, 1997).
2. Life span development is theory, which at the present time, is not practical given the state of the science. Researchers are able to use data at one phase of the life cycle to inform them about developments in adjacent phases and periods approaching 40 years.
3. Survival as a quantity of life measure is different than quality of life measures. Although there is a growing emphasis to include health-related quality of life as an additional outcome measure other than morbidity and mortality for health-related interventions, and that health-related quality of life is a useful discriminator among different population segments, and is an important predictor of health and health behaviors, the field still needs to alleviate a number of measurement- related issues and difficulties. The continued efforts to identify those content areas and response dimensions that likely will provide the best discrimination among populations and the greatest sensitivity to change are essential to enable health psychologists to guide future health policy and resources.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by grants ROl AG12458 from National Institute on Aging and ROl HL55356 from National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. The third author was supported in part by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, HSR&D Service, Program 824 Funds.


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