Law and Investment in China: The Legal and Business Environments after China's WTO Accession

By Vai Io Lo; Xiaowen Tian | Go to book overview
Save to active project

6

Labor and employment

For decades, Chinese workers in state-owned enterprises were served with an “iron rice bowl, that is, they enjoyed virtually lifetime employment, lived in enterprise housing, received medical care at little or no cost, and were provided with pensions and various fringe benefits. However, with the intensification of economic reform and the restructuring of state-owned enterprises, the “iron rice bowl” has been smashed. Nowadays, employment security is no longer guaranteed, a social security system has been introduced to replace the old enterprise-based welfare system, and labor mobility has greatly increased. During the course of labor reform, FIEs have played an important role because labor surpluses from the state and collective sectors have been absorbed considerably by the foreign sector. Moreover, with China's accession to the WTO, further growth of foreign trade and foreign direct investment is expected. Through whatever investment vehicles foreign investors choose to do business in China, they must staff their establishments. As a result, it is imperative for foreign investors to understand the basics of Chinese labor laws.

Since the embarkation of economic reform, the Chinese regulatory scheme for labor and employment can be divided into two periods. In the first period (1980-93), the Chinese regulatory framework was piecemeal because except for the Trade Union Law, 1 there existed only administrative regulations and a large number of government rules and decrees dealing with sundry labor and employment issues. As regards labor management in FIEs, major legal provisions were contained in a series of administrative regulations and government rules enacted to implement the laws on FIEs, such as the Regulations on Labor Management in Sino-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures, Regulations for the Implementation of the Law on Sino-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures, and Rules on the Right of Autonomy of Foreign Investment Enterprises in the Hiring of Personnel and on Employees' Wages, Insurance and Welfare Expenses. In the second period (1994-Present), however, the passage of the Labor Law 2 and the subsequent enactment of a series of implementation rules have rendered the Chinese regulatory framework more systematic. Specifically, the Rules on Labor Management in

-206-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Law and Investment in China: The Legal and Business Environments after China's WTO Accession
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 386

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.