I am deeply indebted to many people who have assisted me in various ways along what now seems like a very long journey. Even before the project began, Chilla Bulbeck's guidance was instrumental in shaping the direction of this path. For her surprising 'return' at the end with predictably incisive comments on an earlier draft I am very grateful. In the early years of this project, Reiko Atsumi and David Schak offered support when I was 'at sea' and Sandra Buckley led me into a new world of words. Particular thanks are owed to Mark Finnane and Kathy Daly for undertaking supervision of the project half way through. Their support and careful comments on earlier drafts were invaluable and significantly helped to sustain my momentum. I would also like to thank Veronica Taylor, Bronwyn Naylor and Vera Mackie for their constructive comments on an earlier draft. For her help, humour and encouragement in the final stages of this book, I thank Louise Edwards.
My fieldwork in Japan was enriched by the assistance of numerous friends, activists and professionals. I am particularly grateful for the encouragement, professional insights and introductions provided by Tsunoda Yukiko, Matsuda Tōru, Noda Aiko, Hayashi Yoko, Ogura Kyoko, Kinjō Kyoko and Kikuchi Yuriko. I also gained much from the insights and stories of activists and writers on the 'front-line', particularly Yunomae Tomoko, Miya Yoshiko, Kikuchi Kiyomi, Ikeda Richiko, Koichi Hikaru and Hamada Kazuko. For all kinds of nourishment during this time I thank Katalin Ferber. I also owe special thanks to Yuyama Yōko whose friendship, diligence and patience enabled me to continue my research in the direction I chose and to 'Endō-san' whose assistance, and determination enriched and grounded my approach to the study.
I would also like to acknowledge the financial assistance provided by the (former) Australian Vice-Chancellor's Asian Research Council and the (former) School of Modern Asian Studies, Griffith University. This support greatly facilitated my field research in Japan. I would also like to thank Seikei University and particularly Kato Takashi and Fukaya Kumiko for their assistance during this time. The provision of study space, access to resources, academic advice and the general atmosphere of warmth and