Appendix I

A Grammatical and technical glossary

Readers familiar with the revised edition of Write in Style might assume that this Glossary is merely a duplication of the one that appears there. It is not. That incarnation included a profusion of literary terms, many of which I've omitted here on the grounds that they have no direct bearing on grammar as such. In addition, I have added a comparably substantial number of linguistic and grammatical terms that do not appear in that companion volume. As before, I have drawn in part on the 'Glossary of Terms' listed in the National Literacy Strategy Framework for Teaching (1998), but in the main the annotation and examples are my own, as are a significant number of the entries themselves.

In the left hand column, italics indicates that the term in question is also glossed in the main text. In the right-hand column, a bold-highlighted term advertises further annotation elsewhere in the list.

abbreviation

A word which is shortened. This may be a word which has passed into common usage - phone for telephone, fridge for refrigerator, bus for omnibus. Other abbreviations may be acronyms - NATO/North Atlantic Treaty Organisation; modem/means of delivering electronic mail. And others have passed into speech or writing in universally-understood abbreviated form, such as three standard Latinisms - e.g./for example (exempli gratia), i.e./that is (id est) and etc./and so on (et cetera) - or BSE/Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. See also contraction.

accent

Features of pronunciation which vary according to the speaker's regional and social origin. All oral language is spoken with an accent (including standard English) and speakers may use different accents in different situations. Accent applies only to pronunciation and should not be confused with dialect.

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