In this chapter we are concerned with “sex tourism” as a phenomenon involving sexual relations between tourists and local or migrant persons who are unequal in terms of economic, social, and political power. While these relations are sometimes organized as straightforward cash-for-sex transactions, sex tourism can involve a wider range of sexual-economic exchanges than those conventionally implied by the term “prostitution.” We therefore consider the phenomenon by which local and migrant women, men, and children enter into fairly open-ended relationships with tourists in the hope of securing some material benefit (including gifts, meals, clothing, cash, and opportunities to migbate to affluent countries) to be as much a part of sex tourism as the phenomenon of brothel or street prostitution in tourist areas. This chapter draws on ethnographic research in Jamaica and the Dominican Republic to explore the phenomenon of heterosexual sex tourism as an outcome of both national and international laws and social and economic policies. 2
There is a strong association between travel and sex in affluent as well as economically underdeveloped countries (Oppermann 1998; Clift and Carter 2000). Some European holiday destinations, such as Ibiza, are renowned for the high level of tourist-tourist sexual interaction; tourists and foreign businesspersons provide a significant segment of demand for prostitution in most
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Publication information: Book title: Regulating Sex: The Politics of Intimacy and Identity. Contributors: Elizabeth Bernstein - Editor, Laurie Schaffner - Editor. Publisher: Routledge. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 2005. Page number: 83.
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