A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law - Vol. 2

By Raymond Westbrook; Gary Beckman et al. | Go to book overview

8.13.2 Parents may not be struck, cursed, or treated with contempt, on penalty of death (Exod. 21:15, 17). The son denounced by parents as totally recalcitrant is stoned (Deut. 21:18–21).


9. SPECIAL INSTITUTIONS

The Pentateuchal codes have special regulations governing how war is to be waged.

9.1 Deuteronomy provides that an attacked city must be offered the chance to surrender. If they surrender, they become tribute slaves (mas) working for the state. If the city refuses to surrender, the men are to be killed and the women, children, and cattle taken as booty (Deut. 20:10–15). If, however, the city is local, it must be herem, šanathema, ” destroyed in dedication to God (Deut. 20:16–18). It should be noted that by the time Deuteronomy records this requirement, there are no local towns left to be conquered; this is a retrojection (cf. Josh. 2:12–14; 6:17–25).

9.2 During a siege, the fruit from fruit trees should be eaten and the trees are not to be destroyed. Non-food trees may be cut down to make siege works (Deut. 20:19–20).


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alt, A. “Die Ursprünge des israelitischen Rechts.” In Kleine Schriften. Vol. 1, 1934. Repr., Munich: Beck, 1959, 278–332.

Amit, Y. “The Jubilee Law—an Attempt at Instituting Social Justice.” In Justice and

Righteousness: Biblical Themes and their Influence, ed. H. Reventlow and Y. Hoffman. JSOTSup 137. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1992, 37–59.

Anderson, A. “Law in Old Israel: Laws concerning Adultery.” In Law and Religion: Essays on the Place of the Law in Israel and Early Christianity, ed. B. Lindars. Cambridge: J. Clarke, 1988, 13–19.

Avigad, N. “The 'Governor of the City' Bulla.” In Ancient Jerusalem Revealed, ed. H. Geva. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1994, 138–40.

Avishur, Y., and M. Heltzer. Studies on the Royal Administration in Ancient Israel in the Light of Epigraphic Sources, Jerusalem: Akademon, 1996 (in Hebrew).

Barkay, G. “A Second 'Governor of the City' Bulla.” In Ancient Jerusalem Revealed, ed. H. Geva. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1994, 141–43.

Beattie, D. “The Book of Ruth as Evidence for Israelite Legal Practice, ”VT 24 (1974) 251–67.

Bellefontaine, E. “Deuteronomy 21:18–21: Reviewing the Case of the Rebellious Son, ”JSOT 13 (1979) 13–31.

Ben-Barak, Z. “Meribaal and the System of Land Grants in Ancient Israel, ”Biblica 62 (1981) 73–91.

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A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents of Volume Two *
  • Part Three - First Millennium 775
  • Egypt - Third Intermediate Period 777
  • Bibliography 813
  • Egypt - Demotic Law 819
  • Bibliography 855
  • Egypt - Elephantine 863
  • Mesopotamia - Neo-Assyrian Period 883
  • Bibliography 907
  • Mesopotamia - Neo-Babylonian Period 911
  • Bibliography 968
  • Anatolia and the Levant - Israel 975
  • Bibliography 1042
  • International Law - International Law in the First Millennium 1047
  • Bibliography 1064
  • Indices 1067
  • Subject Index 1069
  • Index of Ancient Terms 1141
  • Index of Texts Cited 1161
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