The Bible in Africa: Transactions, Trajectories, and Trends

By Gerald O. West; Musa W. Dube | Go to book overview
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In conclusion, we have noted that there are several features of

(“demon” and “demon-possession”) as used in Mark's gospel that resonate with African beliefs in malicious spirits. The story of the Gerasene demoniac is the most poignant example of this. The stories of demon-possession which we read about in Mark's gospel find an approximative expression in everyday life of the Ewe. Supernatural powers and beings and their violent attacks on human life are a living reality in the life of the Ewe. Even if the resonances are only that, resonances and not one-toone correspondences, something close to biblical concept of demonpossession exists in Ewe culture. The Vernacularization of Scripture gives space to the basic concerns of the Ewe about the life-destroying powers of the unseen world, but at the same time promises the possibility of deliverance, transformation, and restoration by a force more powerful. The question which Zogbo (1990: 194) asks for the Godie culture, is relevant for us Ewe too, namely, “If the miraculous stories concerning Jesus' life are not the most convincing evidence of Christianity, then what is?”


Abogunrin, S.O. “The Synoptic Gospel Debate: A Reexamination from an African Point of View.” In Ed. David L. Dungan The Interrelations of the Gospels. A Symposium. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1990.

Achtemeier, P.J. “Toward the Isolation of pre-Markan Miracle Catenae.” Journal of Biblical Literature 89 (1970): 265–291.

Agbodeka, Francis. African Politics and British Policy in the Gold Coast, 1808–1900: A Study in the Forms and Force of Protest. London: Longman Group Ltd., 1971.

Argenti, Father Cyrille. “A Meditation on Mark 5:1–20.” Ecumenical Review 23 (1971): 398–408.

Asimpi, Kofi. “European Christian Missions and Race Relations in Ghana: 1826– 1970.” Boston University: Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, 1996.

Assimeng, Max. Religion and Social Change in West Africa. Accra, Ghana: Universities Press, 1989.

Debrunner, Hans W. A History of Christianity in Ghana. Accra: Waterville Publishing House, 1967.

De Mello, Manoel. “The Gerasene Demoniac. The Power of Jesus Confronts the Power of Satan.” Ecumenical Review 23 (1971): 409–418.

Dzobo, N.K. Melagbe Theology: A New Perspective on African Christian Theology.” Unpublished Paper, 1986.

Eliade, Mircea. Patterns in Comparative Religion. Paris: Editions Payot, 1958.

Foerster, Werner. “da¤mvn, daimÒnion, In Eds Gerhard Kittel and Geoffrey W. Bromiley Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1964.

Girard, Rene. “The Demons of Gerasa.” In Eds Robert Detweiler and William G.


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The Bible in Africa: Transactions, Trajectories, and Trends
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