America Embattled: September 11, Anti-Americanism, and the Global Order

By Richard Crockatt | Go to book overview
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This is a judgment made frequently by American diplomatic historians themselves in recent years. See, for example, Edward Crapol's essay “Coming to terms with empire: the historiography of late nineteenth-century American foreign relations, in Michael J. Hogan, ed., Paths to Power: The Historiography of American Foreign Relations to 1941, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 79-116. On p. 79, he notes, “Over the past twenty years there has been a good deal of hand-wringing and soul-searching among historians of American foreign relations, about the dismal state of their craft. This self-criticism, increasingly seconded by specialists in international relations and international history, has centered on the field's traditionalism, narrowness, parochialism, and ethnocentrism.”
Fred Halliday, Two Hours That Shook the World: September 11, 2001, Causes and Consequences, London: Saqi Books, 2002, p. 125.
Christopher Hitchens, “So this is war?” Guardian, September 13, 2001, G2, p. 4.
This controversy can be followed in David E. Sanger and Elizabeth Bumiller, “No hint of September 11 in report in August, White House says but Congress seeks inquiry, New York Times, May 17, 2002; Alison Mitchell, “Democrats say Bush must give full disclosure, New York Times, May 17, 2002; Patrick E. Tyler, “An eye on the ballot box in terror's aftermath, New York Times, May 19, 2002; Neil A. Lewis, “FBI inaction blurred picture before September 11, New York Times, May 27, 2002; “Bush, as terror inquiry swirls, seeks cabinet post on security, New York Times, June 7, 2002.
This applies in my view to Ziauddin Sardar and Merryl Wyn Davies' post-September 11 book, Why Do People Hate America? Cambridge: Icon Books, 2002. While declaring (p. 209), “It is necessary to appreciate that the United States is a very complex country, there is little indication in the rest of the book that they have followed this injunction. Sweeping judgments abound (e.g., the United States is “an empire unlike any in history that has systematically rubbed everyone else's nose in the dirt;” p. 194)-of the sort that, if applied to other (e.g., Muslim) countries, would hardly be taken seriously and, indeed, would be regarded as the product of simple prejudice.

September 11, 2001
The final figure, not established until May 2002, was 2,823.


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America Embattled: September 11, Anti-Americanism, and the Global Order


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