Accident and Design: Contemporary Debates in Risk Management

By Christopher Hood; David K. C. Jones | Go to book overview

Index
Note: Bold and italic numbers refer to pages on which tables and figures appear.
a
Aberfan disaster (1966) 57 and 58 n
absolution(ism) (no-blame) 9, 47, 49
and compensation 70
corporate safety cultures and 65, 79, 80
error reporting systems 80, 82
accident incubation 213
balloon model 35 -6
Turner's model of 13, 31, 34, 38, 62
accident investigation 73 -4
accountability 161, 187
adversarial exchanges, in SHARK approach 223 -4
advisory bodies, civic science in 187
Advisory Commmittee on Genetic Manipulation (US) 196
Advisory Commmittee on Releases into Environment (ACRE) (UK) 199
airlines see civil aviation industry
ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle 147,156, 193 -4
ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) principle 92, 93, 147,156, 193
Alkali Act 1874, on air pollution 147
anticipation(ism)
doctrine of 9,10, 13, 168, 193, 205
natural risks 15, 20
see also hazard management
Apollo space capsule disaster (1967) 99
applicabilty, science/engineering quality 34
Armenia, earthquake (1988) 18
ASLEF trade union, and Purley rail crash 68
auditing 37, 151
of medical practice 77 -8
safety 36, 112
to identify hazards 36, 39
see also feedback
authority, in organizations 120, 124

b
Bangladesh, floods (1970) 23 -4
BATNEEC (best available technology not entailing excessive cost) doctrine 141, 194
BEATNIC (best endeavours at not increased cost) principle 156
Bhopal chemical disaster (1984) 99
bias, in risk assessment 102, 170, 180
biotechnology
ethics in 179
regulation of 195, 204, 197
blame (blamism) xii, 9,66 -7
individual 75
for lack of warning 130 -31
in legal process 34
politics of 68, 70, 211, 213
and responsibility 73 -4
and role of punishment 51, 73, 76
social role of 61, 66, 71, 76, 127
within organizations 63, 64, 66, 67
see also absolution, liability
British Rail, and system safety 68, 70, 152 -3
British Standard 5750, on quality assurance 194
BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) 191
business failure, factors in 123 -5

c
capital costs, and flexibility 41,42, 44,45
career structure, in risk regulation 225
causation
and blameworthiness 67
chains of 11, 34, 62, 63, 103
CBI (Confederation of British Industry), safety culture 150
Central Electicity Genrating Board (CEGB) 225
centralized policies
European Union 191 -2
for hazard mitigation 128 -32
certainty see (un)certainty
Challenger space shuttle disaster (1986) 99, 115, 119
Channel Tunnel, management auditing 37

-245-

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