see Women Respond to the Men's Movement, ed. Kay Leigh Hagan (San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1992). And for an excellent overview of mother-blaming, more generally, see Paula Caplan's The New Don't Blame Mother (Routledge 2000).
See also Paul Kivel's recent parenting book, Boys Will Be Men: Raising Our Sons for Courage, Caring and Community (Gobriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 1999). “Boys and young men, ” writes Kivel, “need female parents fully in their lives. . . . We do not need men to step in and 'correct' a pattern of 'over-mothering' by separating sons from women and initiating them into men's mysteries” as Robert Bly and kind would theorize. “Mothers, ” Kivel continues, “are not the problem; men are not the solution. There is no evidence that women-raised sons are inadequate or incompetent or lacking in any way at all, even though there are lots of assertions and attempts to demonstrate so” (42-3).
Arcana, Judith. Every Mother's Son. New York: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1983.
Backes, Nancy. “Beyond the 'World of Guilt and Sorrow': Separation, Attachment and Creativity in Literary Mothers and Sons.” The Journal of the Association forResearch on Mothering 2:1 (Spring/Summer 2000): 28-45.
Bly, Robert. Iron John. New York: Vintage, 1990.
Cooper, Baba. “The Radical Potential in Lesbian Mothering of Daughters.” In Politics of the Heart: A Lesbian Parenting Anthology. Edited by Sandra Pollack and Jeanne Vaughn. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1987. 233-240.
Faludi, Susan. Stiffed: The Betrayal of the American Man. New York: W. Morrow and Co., 1999.
Forcey, Linda. Mothers of Sons: Toward an Understanding of Responsibility. New York: Praeger, 1987.
Hagan, Kay Leigh, ed. Women Respond to the Men's Movement. San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1992.
Kaufman, Michael. Theorizing Masculinities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1994.
Kivel, Paul. Boys Will Be Men: Raising Our Sons for Courage, Caring and Community. Gobriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 1999.
Lorde, Audre. “Man Child: A Black Lesbian Feminist's Response.” In Sister Outsider:Essays and Speeches. New York: Quality Paperback Book Club, 1993. 72-80.
Morgan, Robin. “Every Mother's Son.” In Lesbians Raising Sons. Edited by Jess Wells. Los Angeles: Alyson Books, 1997. 38-59.
O'Reilly, Andrea. “Across the Divide: Contemporary Anglo-American Feminist Theory on the Mother-Daughter Relationship.” In Redefining Motherhood: Changing Identities and Patterns. Edited by Sharon Abbey and Andrea O'Reilly. Toronto: Second Story Press, 1998. 69-91.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Mothers & Sons: Feminism, Masculinity, and the Struggle to Raise Our Sons.
Contributors: Andrea O'Reilly - Editor.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2001.
Page number: 20.
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