The Labor Market Experience of Workers with Disabilities: The ADA and Beyond

By Julie L. Hotchkiss | Go to book overview
Save to active project


State versus Federal Legislation

Whenever major federal legislation to regulate the functioning of a market is enacted, a key question raised is whether that law is redundant or whether it has the potential of actually altering the functioning of the market (i.e., is "binding”). By the time the ADA was passed, all states had some form of legislation addressing discrimination against the disabled (see Table 6.1). 1 Thus, the environment in which the ADA was approved was arguably already a post-ADA one. One might suggest that the ADA was superfluous; the states were already addressing the problem of discrimination against the disabled and there was no need for federal legislation. This situation may be an explanation for finding no or very little labor market impact attributable to the ADA in previous chapters. In other words, it may be the case that the state legislation "crowded out” any potential impact of the ADA. On the other hand, legislation at the state level may have served as a statement of ethical beliefs already integrated into the economy.

To determine whether state-level protective legislation "crowded out” or had a differential impact on the experience of disabled workers than the federal ADA, employment, wage, and hours analyses mirroring those contained in Chapters 2, 3, and 4 are repeated here, but only for a subsample of states that enacted disability legislation between 1981 (the beginning of available data) and 1991 (the last year before implementation of the federal legislation). The employment impact is determined by estimation of a pooled, cross-sectional bivariate probit with selection model analogous to that estimated in Chapter 2. The state-level impact of disability legislation on wages is determined by a pooled, cross-sectional estimation of log wages, controlling for selection into the labor market, mirroring the wage analysis in Chapter 3. The bivariate probit with selection will again be used to parallel the part-time employment analysis of Chapter 4. Only the CPS data set will be used for analyses in this chapter.

The condition for being included in the subsample for analysis is whether the worker resided in a state that adopted protection for the disabled during this period. 2 To coincide with the provisions of the


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Labor Market Experience of Workers with Disabilities: The ADA and Beyond


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 229

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?