Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, Second Century Bce-Tenth Century Ce

By Sacha Stern | Go to book overview

3 The New Moon

3.1 Introduction

3.1.1 The 'New Moon': Some Definitions

In many lunar calendars, the beginning of the month can be affected by extraneous, i.e. non-lunar, factors. These factors may be political, as in ancient Greek calendars, 1 or religious, as in the rabbinic calendar. 2 Nevertheless, the monthly cycle of the moon remains the most essential criterion of any calendar that is defined as 'lunar'.

In almost all ancient lunar calendars, the month begins around the time of the new moon. Precisely when this is, however, varies considerably from one calendar to the next. 3 The most common definition of the 'new moon' is when the new crescent becomes visible for the first time. This occurs invariably in the evening, not long after sunset, and close to the point on the horizon where the sun has set. The first day of the month will generally begin, therefore, on that evening. This is the case, for instance, in the Babylonian calendar. 4

In other calendars, the lunar month begins at an earlier time: when the old moon ceases to be visible. Since the old moon is visible for the last time in the morning, shortly before sunrise, and close to the point on the horizon where the sun will rise, the first day of the new month

-99-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, Second Century Bce-Tenth Century Ce
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Calendar and Community iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents xi
  • Abbreviations xv
  • 1: Solar and Lunar Calendars 1
  • 2: The Intercalation 47
  • 3: The New Moon 99
  • 4: The Rabbinic Calendar 155
  • 5: Calendar and Community 211
  • Appendix 277
  • References 285
  • Index 303
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 306

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.