Growth, Inequality, and Poverty: Prospects for Pro-Poor Economic Development

By Anthony Shorrocks; Rolph Van Der Hoeven | Go to book overview

find a strong redistribution between the urban and rural sector, and thus a decrease in between-inequality. Bourguignon, de Melo, and Suwa-Eisenmann (1995) underline the role of wage moderation in diminishing unemployment, and thus allowing the industry to benefit fully from the devaluation. In contrast, whereas the CGE models predicted income stability for urban (informal) self-employed workers, this study suggests that their earnings declined.

However, recent changes in the world market prices of export crops show that a large part of the Ivorian population remains vulnerable. Furthermore, the political instability evident since December 1999, and the subsequent freeze of international aid, discouraged and hindered private investment. In 2000 and 2001 Côte d'Ivoire experienced negative GDP growth (OECD 2002) suggesting that the Ivorian economy today faces a crisis comparable to that experienced at the beginning of the 1990s.


REFERENCES

Alatas, V. and Bourguignon, F. (2000). 'The Evolution of the Distribution of Income during Indonesian Fast Growth: 1980-1996'. World Bank, DELTA, Paris. Mimeo.

Banerjee, A. and Duflo, E. (2001). 'Inequality and Growth: What Can the Data Say?' Economics Department, MIT, Boston. Mimeo.

Bourguignon, F. (2000). 'Can Redistribution Accelerate Growth and Development?' Paper presented at the ABCDE/Europe, Paris 26-28 June.

—— and Berthélemy, J.-C. (1996). Growth and Crisis in Côte d'Ivoire. The World Bank Comparative Macroeconomic Studies. World Bank, Washington.

——, de Melo, J., and Suwa-Eisenmann, A. (1995). 'Dévaluation et compétivité en Côte d'Ivoire'. Revue économique, May, 739-49.

——, Ferreira, F. H. G., and Lustig, N. (1998). 'The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America'. The World Bank, Washington. Mimeo.

——, Fournier, M., and Gurgand, M. (1999). 'Distribution des salaires, éducation et développement: Taiwan (1979-1994)'. Revue d'économie du développement, 3, 3-33.

——, ——, and ——. (2001). 'Fast Development with a Stable Income Distribution: Taiwan, 1979-1994'. Review of Income and Wealth, 47(2), 139-64.

—— and Martinez, M. (1996). 'Decomposition of the Change in the Distribution of Primary Family Incomes: A Microsimulation Approach Applied to France, 1979-1989'. DELTA, Paris. Mimeo.

Calipel, S. and Guillaumont Jeanneney, S. (1996). 'Dévaluation, chocs externes et politique économique en Côte d'Ivoire. Analyse de leurs effets respectifs à partir d'un modèle d'équilibre général calculable'. Revue d'économie du développement, 3, 66-94.

Cogneau, D. and Collange, G. (1998). 'Les effets à moyen terme de la dévaluation des francs CFA: une comparaison Cameroun—Côte d'Ivoire'. Revue d'économie du développement, 3-4, 125-47.

—— and Mesplé-Somps, S. (2002). La Côte d'Ivoire peut-elle devenir un pays émergent? Karthala and OECD, Paris. Mimeo.

DIAL (2000). 'Etude de la pauvreté urbaine en Afrique de l'Ouest'. Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Sénégal. Report prepared for the World Bank, DIAL, Paris.

Dollar, D. and Kraay, A. (2002). 'Growth is Good for the Poor'. Journal of Economic Growth, 7(3), 195-225, reprinted with kind permission as Chapter 2 of this volume.

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