The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

By Henry Chadwick | Go to book overview

Dates of Roman Emperors
Tiberius 14-37
Caligula 37-41
Claudius 41-54
Nero 54-68
Four Emp. 68-9
Vespasian 69-79
Titus 79-81
Domitian 81-96
Nerva 96-8
Trajan 98-117
Hadrian 117-138
Antoninus Pius 138-61
Marcus Aurelius 161-80
Commodus 180-92
Septimius Severus 193-211
Caracalla 211-17
Macrinus 217-18
Elagabalus 218-22
Alexander Severus 222-35
Maximin 235-8
Gordian 238-44
Philip the Arab 244-9
Decius 249-51
Gallus 252-3
Valerian 253-60
Gallienus 260-8
Claudius II 268-70 (Gothicus)
Aurelian 270-5
Probus 276-82
Carus 282-3
Carinus 283-4
Diocletian 284-305
Tetrarchy 293: Diocletian, Maximian, Constantius Chlorus, Galerius
From 305: Constantius Chlorus (died 306), Galerius, Severus, Maximin Daia. Constantine (died 337) acclaimed after Constantius: Maxentius' coup at Rome. Severus died 307. Licinius Augustus. Maximian died 310. Galerius died 311. Maxentius crushed by Constantine 312. Constantine and Licinius agreed on toleration at Milan 313. Licinius defeated by Constantine 324.
Constantine sole emperor 324-37
His three surviving sons:
Constantine II 337-40 in west; Constantius II in east; Constans Italy and Africa. Constans defeated and killed Constantine II 340, but was ousted and killed by Magnentius 350. Magnentius falls to Constantius (battle of Mursa 351) and takes his life 353. Gallus Caesar killed 354. Julian to Gaul 355-58. Constantius II died 3 November 361.
Julian sole emperor 361-3
Jovian 363-4
Valentinian I 364-75 (west); Valens 364-78 (east); Gratian co-emperor in west 367; murdered 383
Theodosius I 379-95
Magnus Maximus' revolt 383-8, defeated near Aquileia.

-714-

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The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Church in Ancient Society iii
  • Prefatory Note vi
  • Contents vii
  • Abbreviations ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1: The First Followers of Jesus 5
  • 2: The Jewish Matrix 13
  • 3: Jews and Christians Survive Rome's Crushing of Revolts 21
  • 4: The Hebrew Scriptures in the Church 27
  • 5: Interpreting Scripture 32
  • 6: Apostles and Evangelists 43
  • 7: Women Among Jesus' Followers 53
  • 8: 'Barnabas', Jewish Christianity, Trouble at Corinth 56
  • 9: Ignatius of Antioch 65
  • 10: Didache 84
  • 11: Marcion 89
  • 12: Justin 93
  • 13: Irenaeus of Lyon 100
  • 14: The New Testament Text 108
  • 15: Celsus: A Platonist Attack 110
  • 16: Montanism: Perpetua 114
  • 17: Tertullian, Minucius Felix 118
  • 18: Clement of Alexandria 124
  • 19: Julius Africanus 130
  • 20: Hippolytus and Liturgy 132
  • 21: Origen 135
  • 22: Cyprian of Carthage 145
  • 23: Dionysius of Alexandria 161
  • 24: Paul of Samosata 166
  • 25: Mani 170
  • 26: Plotinus, Porphyry 173
  • 27: Diocletian and the Great Persecution; Rise of Constantine 176
  • 28: Constantine 190
  • 29: The Seeds of Reaction 201
  • 30: The Church at Prayer 212
  • 31: Athanasius, Marcellus, and the Gathering Storm 226
  • 32: A Fiasco at Serdica 240
  • 33: Religious Division 254
  • 34: Athanasius' Return 260
  • 35: Constantius' Double Council of Unity 279
  • 36: Julian and the Church 295
  • 37: Damasus, Siricius, Papal Authority, Synesius of Cyrene 314
  • 38: Basil of Caesarea (Cappadocia) 331
  • 39: Ambrose 348
  • 40: Ambrosiaster 379
  • 41: Donatism 382
  • 42: Monks: The Ascetic Life 394
  • 43: Messalians 411
  • 44: Schism at Antioch 415
  • 45: Jerome and Rufinus 433
  • 46: Pelagius, Caelestius, and the Roman See in Gaul and North Africa 446
  • 47: Julian of Eclanum 464
  • 48: Augustine 473
  • 49: John Chrysostom 479
  • 50: Innocent I and John Chrysostom's Honour 499
  • 51: The Christological Debate, I 515
  • 52: The Christological Debate, Ii 538
  • 53: The Christological Debate, Iii 557
  • 54: The Aftermath of the Council of Chalcedon 592
  • 55: Justinian, Origen, and the 'Three Chapters' 612
  • 56: The Ancient Oriental Churches 628
  • 57: The Church and the Barbarian Invasions in the West 633
  • 58: Pope Gregory the Great (590-604) 658
  • 59: Worship After Constantine 675
  • 60: Pilgrims 684
  • 61: Penance 688
  • Further Reading 694
  • Dates of Roman Emperors 714
  • Index 721
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