Psychoanalysis and the Dream of Consilience
If, as I have argued in the preceding chapter, there exists a consensus that the year 1923 marks a watershed in the history of psychoanalysis, there is no less unanimity that what may justly be called a paradigm shift has taken place in the past two decades in the American scene. The essence of this transformation has been summarized by Robert Wallerstein as
a shift away from a natural science, positivistic model anchored in a one-person psychology based on the intrapsychic vicissitudes of the patient's instinctual strivings and the defenses ranged against them, all of this authoritatively surveyed by an objective, neutral analyst, the privileged arbiter of the patient's psychic reality, and on the patient's neurosis as projected onto the analyst's blank screen—away from all that to the ramifications of a two-person psychology focused on the always subjective interactions of the transferential internalized object relationships of the patient with the countertransferential (or equally transferential) internalized object relations of the analyst. (1998b, 1021—22)
Despite having been formed in the tradition of ego psychology, Wallerstein chronicles the changes he observes in a sympathetic and
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Publication information: Book title: Reading Psychoanalysis: Freud, Rank, Ferenczi, Groddeck. Contributors: Peter L. Rudnytsky - Author. Publisher: Cornell University Press. Place of publication: Ithaca, NY. Publication year: 2002. Page number: 207.
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