Karen E. Smith
This chapter examines the particular role of 'the West' in strengthening the process of democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. Western actors have played an unprecedented, active role in promoting democracy in Eastern Europe, using a variety of instruments. These actors include Western governments, multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and foundations. The emphasis in this analysis will be on the policies and activities of governments and multinational organizations. These activities can be described as a 'Western project' to encourage democracy in Eastern Europe. The term implies a collective strategy, which has not thus far been articulated, and more coordination among the actors than has actually been the case. But it is accurate in that the Western actors involved agree on the ultimate aim of consolidating democracy in the region and, to a greater or lesser extent, on the instruments and means that should be used to do so. The East Europeans certainly have perceived the activities of the Western actors as a collective project.
The Western actors discussed here are individual Western states and primarily European multilateral organizations: the European Union (EU), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Council of Europe, and NATO. 1 Other international