Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe - Vol. 2

By Jan Zielonka; Alex Pravda | Go to book overview

2 Regionalization and Democratic Consolidation

Iver B. Neumann

One would expect that the development of regionalization between states or parts of states will have some bearing on democratization since it is a prerequisite for democracy that there exist more nodes of power than one, and also that there exists some kind of an arena on which politics may play itself out. Yet, the relationship between democracy and regionalization is very far from clear. The problem may be stated simply. Within the parameters set by the Western political canon, in order for there to be democracy, there must first be a particular demos—a people. Where the delineation of the people is unclear, and more than one human collective is seen to have overlapping rights and obligations that make for overlapping loyalties and identities, it is hard to conceive of democratic politics. Since regionalization is a phenomenon involving more than one state, and various parts of one state, it does not lend itself immediately to the perspectives offered by the literature on democracy.

Robert Dahl's lauded attempt to think of democracy in terms of, what he calls, polyarchy may serve as an example. A polyarchy has seven attributes: elected officials, free and fair elections, inclusive suffrage, the right to run for office, freedom of expression, alternative information, and associational autonomy. 1 In order to determine whether or not a political entity may be called a polyarchy, that entity must be clearly delineated and ready to stage an exclusive game of representational politics, played out with clearly defined

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Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Oxford Studies in Democratization ii
  • Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Tables x
  • List of Contributors xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I Comparative Perspectives 30
  • 1: Western Actors and the Promotion of Democracy 31
  • 2: Regionalization and Democratic Consolidation 58
  • 3: The Impact of External Economic Factors 76
  • 4: International Security and Democracy Building 112
  • 5: The Internationalization of Ethnic Strife 139
  • 6: International Migration and the Consolidation of Democracy 163
  • Appendix 191
  • 7: Crime, Corruption, and Politics 192
  • Appendix: the Surveys 250
  • Part II National Perspectives 256
  • 9: Estonia and Latvia 257
  • 10: Hungary 281
  • 11: Poland 311
  • 12: The Czech Republic 325
  • 13: Slovakia 363
  • 14: Building Democracy in Romania 383
  • 15: Bulgaria and Macedonia 413
  • 16: Former Yugoslavia 437
  • 17: Belarus and Ukraine 455
  • 18: Russia and the West 485
  • 19: Conclusions 511
  • Select Bibliography 533
  • Index 542
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