The countries reviewed in this book reveal the enormous scope and variety of external pressures impinging upon democracy building in Eastern Europe. These pressures came from all corners of the globe and involved both governmental and non-governmental actors. They took various forms: from direct purposeful intervention to indirect, diffuse influence. Some of these initiatives succeeded in strengthening democracy, while others undermined the pro-democracy campaign. Economics, security, culture, and politics all played a part in shaping democracy, sometimes as distinct and sometimes as mutually reinforcing, interlinked factors. The picture is complex indeed, but it appears that democracy in East Europe is to a significant extent foreign made. Although one can hardly ignore the importance of domestic factors on democracy building, this book concentrates on external policies and pressures, revealing a complex set of relationships between internal and external influence on democracy in the region. 1 This concluding chapter will identify a set of variables responsible for the enormous impact of external factors on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe: (a) the historical legacy, (b) the liberal-democratic ideological paradigm, and (c) the forces of globalization. Next, it will conceptualize the interplay of external and internal factors impinging upon democracy. Positive and negative types of external impact on democracy will be scrutinized later. The chapter will conclude with an evaluation
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Publication information: Book title: Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe. Volume: 2. Contributors: Jan Zielonka - Editor, Alex Pravda - Editor. Publisher: Oxford University Press. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 2001. Page number: 511.
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