Alan F. Segal
Along with 'O Lord, Come', 'Christ is Lord' may be the most primitive of all Christian proclamations. It is already clearly in use in the writing of Paul:
For what we preach is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for Jesus' sake.
For it is the God who said, 'Let light shine out of darkness,' who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ. (2 Cor. 4: 5-6)
Paul identifies the Christ with Lord and, as the next verse shows, then clearly identifies that figure with the God who created in Genesis 1. That identification is an important step in early Christian thought for in that simple identification is the kernel of all trinitarian thinking to follow. For Paul this identification is achieved through the Glory of the Lord, a well-known technical term for the human apparition of God which followed the Israelites through the desert and was manifest to Moses at Sinai (Exod. 23-34) and again with the exiles in Babylonian captivity (Ezek. 1: 26). In Paul, this identification was without doubt made on the basis of his visions and apocalypses, as he tells us. But it was based on the Easter events experienced by the apostles and by converted followers like Paul himself.
Paul both had his own visions and listened to the primitive church traditions which he learned after his conversion. Since Jesus died as a martyr, expectations of his resurrection would have been normal in sectarian Judaism. But the idea of a crucified