Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat: Cities in the Third Millennium

By Council On Tall Buildings And Urban Habitat | Go to book overview

PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE


Social/Community Impacts and Implications

P. Jerome

For cities in many parts of the world, the dominant issues for the 21st century arise from continued urbanisation and the difficulties of providing basic infrastructure services and mass housing. However, for cities in the developed world - whilst still concerned with sustainable provision of basic services - a new dynamic is emerging. It is a dynamic derived from long term demographic trends, greater divisions between rich and poor and sometimes ill-defined 'lifestyle' aspirations.

Using Melbourne as an example, this paper explores various aspects of this emerging dynamic and possible implications for planning and development of the urban habitat. It draws on a number of publications from the Research Branch of the Department of Infrastructure.


DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS

Fertility

In common with many parts of the developed world the fertility rate in Victoria has declined over recent decades. In fact it has been below replacement level since the mid-1970s although the impact of this has been masked by high levels of immigration. From a rate of 2.95 in 1971 it had declined to 1.94 by 1981. It has continued to decline and by 1997 had dropped to 1.69, well below the nominal replacement rate.

The long term effect of this decrease in fertility rates is that the rate of growth of the population of Melbourne and Victoria will decline over the next twenty years.

There are some interesting geographical patterns in fertility rates. Areas with the lowest rates are heavily concentrated in the inner suburbs of Melbourne while suburbs with the highest fertility rates are generally on or close to the fringe growth areas. For example, the fertility rates for Cranbourne and Wyndham - two outer fringe growth areas - were 1.8 and 1.7 respectively in 1996. By contrast the fertility rates for Prahran and St. Kilda - two inner metropolitan suburbs - were 1.0 and 0.8 respectively.

Significant drops in fertiltity rates have also been observed in those inner suburbs which have undergone 'gentrification' associated with an influx of white collar professionals into previously working class neighbourhoods. One such area - Brunswick - has seen its fertility rate drop from 1.7 to 1.2 in the period from 1981 to 1996.

-365-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat: Cities in the Third Millennium
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 760

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.