Unemployment Compensation throughout the World: A Comparative Analysis

By Wayne Vroman; Vera Brusentsev | Go to book overview

continue to persist even as improved models for profiling are developed. Two types of errors will continue to be present: some predicted to exhaust will not do so and some predicted not to exhaust will exhaust.

Although profiling is comparatively new, it can be useful for identifying the potential long-term unemployed and for deciding how to allocate resources in order to increase the likelihood of reemployment. Statistical scoring procedures in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United States were described, and questions were posed regarding aspects of profiling. Given the increased interest in profiling, it is clear that utilization of profiling will increase. This is appropriate since long- term unemployment and long-term UC recipiency are a pervasive phenomena throughout the OECD-20 and CEE-FSU countries.


Notes
1.
Making contributions may be the sole responsibility of the employer or a shared responsibility of employers and employees. In employer-financed programs con- tributions are made for a well-defined set of covered workers.
2.
Economists will recognize the similarity of these results with Engle curve analysis of consumption behavior. Some items become a larger share of the budget at higher income levels (superior goods) while others become a smaller share (infe- rior goods).
3.
Because agriculture is usually excluded from UC coverage, it would be preferable to use nonagricultural wage and salary employment in Table 8.3. While this is easily done for OECD countries (Japan, Korea, and the United States in Table 8.3), the data are less readily available for other countries.
4.
The increased coverage in the United States did not bring about a measurable increase in UI recipiency because those newly covered have generally low unem- ployment rates. In recent years, workers from the government and nonprofit sec- tors have accounted for about 18 percent of total covered employment but only about 4 percent of beneficiaries.
5.
Thailand has established a UC program that commenced benefit payments in mid- 2004.
6.
A more complete discussion of nonstandard employment is given in Chapter II of Vroman (1998). That discussion also identifies a fourth dimension, on-site work done by someone employed by an off-site employer. Estimates of the size of various groups of nonstandard workers in the United States in 1995—1996 are given in Table 1 of that report.
7.
The part-time proportion in 2000 was higher than in 1990 in 15 of the 20 coun- tries.
8.
Practices at the end of the 1980s are summarized in ILO (1989).

-210-

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Unemployment Compensation throughout the World: A Comparative Analysis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Unemployment Compensation Throughout the World - A Comparative Analysis *
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Tables viii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 6
  • Part 1 - A Global Perspective *
  • 2 - Economic Performance and Unemployment 9
  • Notes 42
  • 3 - Unemployment Protection 45
  • Notes 75
  • Part 2 - Regional Aspects of Unemployment Protection *
  • 4 - Unemployment Compensation in the Oecd-20 Countries 81
  • Notes 106
  • 5 - Unemployment Compensation in the Cee-Fsu Countries 109
  • Notes 125
  • 6 - Unemployment Compensation in East and South Asia 127
  • Notes 143
  • 7 - Unemployment Compensation in Latin American and Caribbean Countries 145
  • Notes 165
  • Part 3 - Problem Areas for Unemployment Compensation Programs *
  • 8 - Three Problem Areas for Unemployment Compensation Programs 169
  • Notes 210
  • 9 - Conclusion 213
  • Appendix A - Labor Market Data for 150 Countries 219
  • Appendix B - Output Changes and Employment Changes 227
  • Notes 232
  • Appendix C - Regression Estimates of Uc Benefit Generosity 233
  • Appendix D - Uc Provisions and Uc Costs in Cee-Fsu Countries 235
  • Appendix E - Determinants of Long-Term Unemployment Percentages 245
  • Notes 252
  • References 253
  • The Authors 259
  • Index 261
  • About the Institute 273
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