Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: South East Asia, East Asia and the South Pacific - Vol. 2

By Dieter Nohlen; Florian Grotz et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Solomon Islands

by Jeffrey S. Steeves


1 Introduction

1.1 Historical Overview

This Melanesian South-West Pacific country composed of six major islands—Choiseul, New Georgia, Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal, Malaita, and Makira—has maintained a continuous commitment to a democratic political system since independence from Great Britain on 8 July 1978. Since then, national elections have been held regularly—in 1980, 1984, 1989, 1993, and 1997. Each election has featured multi-party competition supplemented by the skillful use by parties of shadow independent candidates as well as genuine independents. Only in 1993 did one party win a majority of seats in Parliament. Otherwise, coalition governments have been constructed. With fluid party affiliations and a significant number of independent MPs, no-confidence motions have become a potent weapon in the continuous struggle for power.

In the 1976 pre-independence elections, three political parties—Solomon Mamaloni's Rural Alliance Party (RAP), Bart Ulufa'alu's National Democratic Party (NADEPA), and a tenuous Melanesian Action Party (MAP) contested 38 parliamentary constituencies, but in the end, the Independent Group (IG) emerged as the strongest group with 15 seats and supported Peter Kenilorea to be Chief Minister. Kenilorea, who had formed in the meanwhile the Solomon Islands United Party (SIUP), successfully maintained a plurality of 16 seats in the first post-independence elections in 1980 against Mamaloni's recast People's Alliance Party (PAP), the NADEPA and 10 independents. Once assembled, the elected Parliament became embroiled in party maneuvering to craft a winning coalition. Bargaining then as now revolves around four crucial items: (1) the offer and allocation of cabinet positions; (2) perceived leadership ability for the prime ministership; (3) regional balance among provinces/island communities in cabinet assignments; and, (4) future parliamentary and thus governmental longevity. A coalition of SIUP and the Independent Group

-795-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: South East Asia, East Asia and the South Pacific - Vol. 2
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 858

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.