EARLY STATEHOOD 1846-61
During the period between the achievement of annexation and the outbreak of the Civil War, Texas experienced phenomenal growth: the population increased by 400 percent and property values ballooned by 800 percent. On the other hand, there was little cultural progress, and frontier conditions generally prevailed throughout the state. Among the more significant developments of this period were the establishment of constitutional government, the defeat of Mexico, the great Texas boundary dispute (finally settled by the Compromise of 1850), increased pressure to expand into the Native-American frontier caused by the growing population, and the emergence of political parties. Slavery, states' rights, and secession became major issues for the state during this time.
The governors of the period were James Pinckney Henderson, 1846- 47; George T. Wood, 1847-49; Peter Hansborough Bell, 1849-53;