4Simple measures of student learning have little meaning in themselves. Knowing that a student got a score of 60 on a particular
exam, for example, tells us nothing about the quality of that performance. This measure gains meaning only when it's compared to
something else. If we knew, for example, that a score of 60 translates to a letter grade of B, to a level 3 performance on a four-point
achievement scale, or to a “Proficient” but not “Exceptional” performance rating, then we would know more precisely just what that
number meant. These bases of comparison are examples of grading
methods. They provide information about the quality of that performance as judged by the teacher or another competent person.Teachers use a variety of different grading methods in reporting
the results of their evaluations of students' achievement or performance. In this chapter we'll focus on six of the most common
Grading and Reporting Methods
|• ||Letter grades|
|• ||Plus and minus letter grades|
|• ||Categorical grades|
|• ||Percentage grades|
|• ||Standards-based grading|
|• ||Narratives and comments|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: How's My Kid Doing? A Parent's Guide to Grades, Marks, and Report Cards.
Contributors: Thomas R. Guskey - Author.
Place of publication: San Francisco.
Publication year: 2002.
Page number: 41.
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