W.E.B. Du Bois: An Encyclopedia

By Gerald Horne; Mary Young | Go to book overview
Save to active project

N

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF
COLORED PEOPLE (NAACP)

The NAACP grew out of the Niagara Movement and out of an interracial conference in 1909 to discuss the status of African Americans. Du Bois and other highly educated and upper-class African Americans initiated the Niagara Movement to create a forum for black intellectuals to debate routes toward racial equality. The movement quickly dissipated as the group became absorbed by other larger black organizations like the NAACP. Those involved in the interracial conference were black radicals dissatisfied with the agenda of Booker T. Washington and white Socialists or Progressives also discouraged with the degenerating status of black Americans. W.E.B. Du Bois, Ida WellsBarnett, and William Monroe Trotter were among the most vocal blacks at the conference. The agenda at this interracial conference laid the foundation for the NAACP's strategy that involved the legal enforcement of African Americans' constitutional rights. The early agenda laid out by Du Bois was to secure the civil rights of African Americans by forcing the legal system to uphold the Fourteenth Amendment, equal education opportunities, and voting rights.

Du Bois became progressively outraged with the disfranchisement of blacks between 1890 and 1910 by the former slave states. These Jim Crow laws functioned to segregate the railroads, streetcars, and public facilities. The “legal caste system,” as Du Bois called it, based on race and color, led him to abandon his teaching position at Atlanta University in 1910 and to accept a position with the NAACP as the director of Publications and Research in 1911. Du Bois, along with others, officially incorporated the NAACP.

The NAACP provided Du Bois with the opportunity to reach a broader audience. He was appointed editor of The Crisis, the NAACP's magazine. The editorship of The Crisis would prove his most important post. In The Crisis, Du

-141-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
W.E.B. Du Bois: An Encyclopedia
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 254

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?