A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States - Vol. 1

By Melvin I. Urofsky; Paul Finkelman | Go to book overview
Save to active project

10

Adams, Jefferson, and the Courts

The Alien and Sedition Acts The Kentucky and Virginia
Resolutions The Election of 1800 The Judiciary Act of
1801 John Marshall and the Midnight Judges Jefferson
Takes Office Repeal of the Judiciary Act Marbury v.
Madison The Louisiana Purchase Republican Attacks
on the Judiciary: The First Cases The Impeachment of Jus-
tice Chase Defining Treason The Burr Trial Presiden-
tial Privilege For Further Reading

AKEY TEST OF the viability of the new nation would be whether it could peacefully transfer power from one faction to another. The growth of parties, along with the exaggerated political rhetoric common to the late eighteenth century, misled some foreign observers to conclude that the United States was tottering on the edge of chaos. They failed to appreciate that beneath the abusive campaign slogans, both Federalists and Republicans shared the basic tenets of the republican ideology. Problems did exist, however, because of differing views on the particulars of government, as well as from the tensions that were inevitable whenever a minority controls a key branch of the government. Adams and the Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson and his attack on the judiciary, and John Marshall and his development of the independent, powerful role of the Court all involved questions of power as well as of constitutional thought. Debates on who will govern and how they will govern dominated political discourse at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries.


The Alien and Sedition Acts

The rising strength of the Republicans had almost swept Jefferson into the presidency in 1796, but in the end John Adams won the office with 71 electoral votes, and Jefferson became vice president with 68. Adams stood philosophically between Jefferson and Hamilton, favoring a strong central government, while jealously protective of individual rights. He shared neither Hamilton's attachment to aristocracy nor Jefferson's

-181-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States - Vol. 1
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 559

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?