Our Marvelous Bodies: An Introduction to the Physiology of Human Health

By Gary F. Merrill | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY

absorptive state. the period during which a meal is being ingested, digested, and absorbed.

acrosome. the head of a mature sperm cell

actin. a muscle protein of relatively low molecular weight; a main constituent of the myofibrillar thin filament

activators. cells, tissues, and organs that are innervated by efferent motor neurons

adenylyl cylase. an enzyme that converts adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)

adrenocorticoids. steroid hormones produced by the adrenal glands

afferent arterioles. small renal arteries that give rise to glomerular capillaries

agglutination. changes in the surface properties of antigens that cause them to adhere to one another

airborne pathogens. disease-causing agents transported in the air by any means including on pollen, spores, and molds

akinesia. difficulty initiating movement

aldosterone. an important salt-regulating hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

alveolar ventilation. abbreviated VA, difference between minute ventilation and dead space ventilation

androgens. male gonadal steroid hormones

anemia. reduced number of red blood cells in the circulation

angiogenesis. the process of forming new blood vessels

angiotensin I. AI; a decapeptide clipped off of angiotensinogen by renin that is physiologically inert

-185-

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Our Marvelous Bodies: An Introduction to the Physiology of Human Health
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Tables xi
  • Preface xiii
  • 1: The Foundation 1
  • 2: Understanding the Mammalian Nervous Ystem 18
  • 3: The Endocrine System and Physiological Communication 35
  • 4: The Cardiovascular System and the Blood 53
  • 5: Health and the Respiratory System 76
  • 6: Kidneys and Renal Physiology 94
  • 7: The Gastrointestinal System 109
  • 8: The Reproductive System 128
  • 9: The Immune System 138
  • 10: Muscle Function 151
  • 11: Integrated Physiological Responses 162
  • 12: For the Record 170
  • Glossary 185
  • Notes and Suggested Reading 199
  • Index 209
  • About the Author 221
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