Our Marvelous Bodies: An Introduction to the Physiology of Human Health

By Gary F. Merrill | Go to book overview

INDEX
absorption: of simple sugars, 119; surface area and, 120
absorptive state, 114
ACE. See angiotensin-converting enzyme acetaminophen (Tylenol): in heart tissue, 32; for high-altitude headache, 31–32; MPTP protected by, 159; muscle experiments with, 160–161
acetylcholine (ACh), 24, 26, 27
acid/base homeostasis, 87
acidosis, 11; clinically significant, 90, 90t; metabolic, 91t, 182; and osmotic diuresis, 108; respiratory, 91, 91t
acromegaly, 44, 45
actin: cross-bridge with myosin of, 154; and muscle hypertrophy, 156
actin-myosin complexes, formation of permanent, 155
action potentials, 22; and cardiovascular control centers, 164; depolarizations and repolarizations, 24
activators, in control systems, 14
adenohyophysis, 41
adenosine, 39, 153
adenosine diphosphate (ADP), in muscle contraction, 155
adenosine triphosphate (ATP): in muscle contraction, 155; regulation of, 7
adenylate cyclase, 27
ADH. See antidiuretic hormone adrenal cortex, 47
adrenal glands: and growth, 47–48; regulation of, 41
adrenal hormones, 47–48
adrenal medulla, 47
adrenocorticoids, 47
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 42
agglutination, 145
Agre, Peter, 95
air-exchange system, composition of, 78
akinesia, of Parkinson's disease, 28
Alan test, of collateral perfusion, 74–75
albumin to globulin ratio (A/G ratio), 144
aldosterone, 39, 47
alkalosis: clinically significant, 90, 90t; metabolic, 91t; respiratory, 91, 91t
allergies, seasonality of, 93, 143
alpha amylase, 120
altitude, and partial pressure of oxygen, 86
Alton Giant, 44
alveolar ventilation, estimating, 84
alveoli, 78; cells of, 80; function of, 2t; and minute ventilation, 84; structures of, 79t; and tidal volume, 83
American Heart Association, 176, 183
American Physiological Society, 1
amino acid hormones, 39–40, 39t
amino acids, 122
anatomy: defined, 2; and physiology, 2
androgen actions, impaired, 136t
androgens, 40, 41, 131, 132; functions of, 38t; before puberty, 48
androstenedione, 47
anemias, 55
anesthesia, and menstrual cycles, 44
angiogenesis, 134–135, 145
angiogenic growth factors (AGFs), 178
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), 37–38, 167
angiotensin I (AI), 167
angiotensin II (AII), 167
angiotensinogen, 167
ANP. See atrial natriuretic peptide ANS. See autonomic nervous system antibodies: immune functions of, 144, 145; in immune system, 138
antidiuretic hormone (ADH), 95; function of,
41; in hypotensive crisis, 167; and overhydration, 105; in renal physiology, 103
antral fluid, 134, 135
antrum, stomach, 118
aorta, 63
aortic bodies, 87
apical membrane, 106
apneustic center, 88–89, 88t
aquaporins, 94–95
arginine vasopressin (AVP), 41, 95, 167. See also antidiuretic hormone arterial blood, pH of, 89
arterial blood pressure: and general health, 174; renal, 100
arteries, 62; distributing, 64, 65t; properties of, 62–63; resistance in, 65
arterioles, 65, 65t
asthma, 82

-209-

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Our Marvelous Bodies: An Introduction to the Physiology of Human Health
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Tables xi
  • Preface xiii
  • 1: The Foundation 1
  • 2: Understanding the Mammalian Nervous Ystem 18
  • 3: The Endocrine System and Physiological Communication 35
  • 4: The Cardiovascular System and the Blood 53
  • 5: Health and the Respiratory System 76
  • 6: Kidneys and Renal Physiology 94
  • 7: The Gastrointestinal System 109
  • 8: The Reproductive System 128
  • 9: The Immune System 138
  • 10: Muscle Function 151
  • 11: Integrated Physiological Responses 162
  • 12: For the Record 170
  • Glossary 185
  • Notes and Suggested Reading 199
  • Index 209
  • About the Author 221
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