Does God Belong in Public Schools?

By Kent Greenawalt | Go to book overview
Save to active project


1. Warren A. Nord, Religion and American Education 65 (Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Pr., 1995. William C. Bower, Church and State in Education 23–24 (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Pr., 1944), wrote that the church controlled education in the middle and northern colonies. In the South, charity schools were sponsored by the English Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. See also Harry M. Ward, Colonial America: 1607–1763 325 (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1991). According to Rosemary C. Salomone, Visions of Schooling: Con- science, Community, and Common Education 18 (New Haven: Yale Univ. Pr., 2000), schools generally were supported to some degree by tax revenues. But see Carl Kaestle, Pillars of the Republic: Common Schools and American Society, 1780–1860, at 4 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1983) (“Nowhere was schooling entirely tax supported or compulsory”).

As Stephen Macedo has noted, “The vast majority of Americans throughout the eighteenth century worked on family farms and lived in rural areas.” Stephen Macedo, Diversity and Distrust: Civic Education in a Multicultural Democracy 46 (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Pr., 2002). New York and Boston each had fewer than fifteen thousand residents in 1755, and Philadelphia, the largest city, had only twenty thousand. Id.

2. Macedo, Diversity and Distrust, note 1 supra, at 47.
3. Id. at 47–48.
4. Id. at 48–49.
5. Id. at 51.
6. Id. at 52, quoting Kaestle, Pillars of the Republic, note 1 supra, at 55–56.
7. Id. at 52–53.
8. Id. at 53.
9. Rosemary Salomone, “Common Schools, Uncommon Values: Listening to the Voices of Dissent,” 14 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 169, 174 (1996). For a summary of sources on Mann's life, see Robert Michaelson, Piety in the Public School 72–73 (New York: Macmillan, 1970). Not surprisingly, one consequence of the attempt to build a common culture for poor children of disparate heritages was to alienate students from the communal values of their parents. See Barbara Finkelstein, “Exploring Community in Urban Educational History,” in Ronald K. Goodenow and Diane Ravitch, eds., Schools in Cities: Consensus and Conflict in


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Does God Belong in Public Schools?


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 261

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?