The History of Psychology: Fundamental Questions

By Margaret P. Munger | Go to book overview
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only do we receive images and traces in the brain, but we form new ones from them when we bring “complex ideas” to mind; and so the screen which represents our brain must be active and elastic. This analogy would explain reasonably well what goes on in the brain. As for the soul, which is a simple substance or 'monad': without being extended it represents these various extended masses and has perceptions of them.
1. excite ou détermine plutôt.
2. Locke: 'Preserver of things, who never'. Coste's expansion.
3. Locke: “sensible of it.” Coste's change.
4. Added by Leibniz.
5. Locke: 'is'. Coste's change.
6. Added by Leibniz.
7. Added by Leibniz.
8. Locke: “complex.” Coste's change.
9. Locke: “idea.”
10. Leibniz's répugnancecould mean either “reluctance” or “logical impossibility,” but the latter does not fit the context. There are other indications, too, that Leibniz wants this passage to have an anthropomorphic tone.
11. Added by Leibniz, as is the following parenthetical phrase.
12. Added by Leibniz.
13. Locke: “which convey themselves into.”
14. The content of this paragraph was dropped after the third edition of the Essay, but retained by Coste.
15. This refers to Locke's §16.
16. Locke: “it takes no notice.” Coste: il ne s'aperçoit en aucune manière.
17. Locke: “the judgment alters the appearances into their causes.” Coste: nous mettons à la place de ce qui nous paraît, la cause même de l'image joignant à la vision un jugement que nous confondons avec elle.The clause joignant elle,” which may be based on Locke's §9, is contracted by Leibniz to et confondons le jugement avec la vision.
18. Locke says this in § 11.
19. Added by Coste.
20. Locke: “those simple ideas.”
21. Locke: “with this additional perception annexed to them, that it has had them before.” Coste's change.
22. Locke: “Of discerning, and other operations of the mind.”
23. esprit,” which means both “wit” and “mind.” Locke in §2 is contrasting “judgment” with “wit.”
24. Presumably referring to Locke's §11, though that speaks of beasts which can “pronounce words distinctly enough,” not of ones which can “talk.”
25. Locke: “do some of them in certain instances.” Coste's omission.
26. Locke uses the now obsolete word “naturals.”
27. Locke: “resemblances.” Coste's change.
28. Locke: “pictures.” Coste's change.
29. espèces”—i.e. the “sensible species” which Leibniz declares to be tolerable when understood as here.


David Hume (1711–1776) set himself the unreasonable goal of producing for philosophy
what Sir Issac Newton had articulated for physics—a clear, unifying set of laws with pre-
dictive power. A Treatise of Human Nature, the product of a four-year retreat in France fol-
lowing college at the University of Edinburgh, was not well received; so Hume needed to


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