Restoration: Old Testament, Jewish, and Christian Perspectives

By James M. Scott | Go to book overview

TEMPLE RESTORED, TEMPLE IN HEAVEN:
ISAIAH AND THE PROPHETS IN THE TARGUMIM

Bruce Chilton
Bard College


INTRODUCTION

The Targumim have been intensively studied since the discovery of Neophyti I, a Targum of the Pentateuch, by Alejandro Díez Macho. Pentateuchal Targumim continue to be a topic of considerable controversy in regard to their dating, their purposes, and their interrelationships. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets has proven much easier to reach agreement about.

The theory of the formation of the Isaiah Targum in two principal phases was first advanced in 1982.1 The theory holds that prior to the revolt of Simeon bar Kosiba (bar Kokhba) in 132 CE, the first exegetical framework of the Targum of Isaiah was produced. That exegetical framework organized then current translations of the Hebrew text into a powerful vehicle of opposition to the Romans and propaganda for the restoration of the Temple. During the fourth century, the second exegetical framework of the Isaiah Targum was developed. With its completion, virtually the whole of the Hebrew text of Isaiah was rendered, and the perspective of the translation as a received test was coordinated with the concerns of the Babylonian academies (especially Pumbeditha's, where the work was encouraged under Joseph bar Hiyya).

After the theory of two exegetical frameworks was developed for the Targum of Isaiah, it was applied to the Targum of the Former Prophets, the Targums of Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and the Targum of the Minor Prophets.2 Today, then, the development of Targum

1 For a brief introduction, cf. B. Chilton, “Targums,” in J. B. Green, et al.
(eds.), Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity,
1992) 800–4. The principal publications are B. Chilton, The Glory of Israel: The
Theology and Provenience of the Isaiah Targum (JSOTSup 23; Sheffield: JSOT
Press, 1982); idem, The Isaiah Targum. Introduction, Translation, Apparatus, and
Notes (ArBib 11; Wilmington: Glazier; Edinburgh: Clark, 1987).

2 The paradigm is applied in D. J. Harrington and A. J. Saldarini, Targum
Jonathan of the Former Prophets (ArBib 10; Wilmington, DL: Glazier;
Edinburgh: Clark, 1987); R. Hayward, The Targum of Jeremiah (ArBib 12;
Wilmington: Glazier; Edinburgh: Clark, 1987); S. H. Levey, The Targum of
Ezekiel (ArBib 13; Wilmington: Glazier; Edinburgh: Clark, 1987); K. J. Cathcart
and R. P. Gordon, The Targum of the Minor Prophets (ArBib 14; Wilmington:
Glazier; Edinburgh: Clark, 1989). For application to a major Targum of the
Pentateuch, see B. Grossfeld, The Targum Onqelos to Genesis (ArBib 6;
Wilmington: Glazier; Edinburgh: Clark, 1988).

-335-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Restoration: Old Testament, Jewish, and Christian Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 602

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.