The Persuadable Voter: Wedge Issues in Presidential Campaigns

By D. Sunshine Hillygus; Todd G. Shields | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Appendix 1

Question Wording and Coding

2004 Blair Center Survey

The 2004 Blair Center Survey and the 2000 Knowledge Networks Election Study were conducted by the survey firm Knowledge Networks. Knowledge Networks conducts their surveys online, but remains a probability-based sample because panel members are recruited using random digit dialing sampling methods and then provided with an Internet connection if they do not have one. All telephone numbers have an equal probability of selection, and the sampling is done without replacement. In exchange for the Internet connection, Knowledge Network panelists are asked to complete surveys three to four times per month. Participants are sent an email informing them that their next survey is ready to be taken and individuals then complete the survey at their own convenience.

The 2004 Blair Center Survey was a national postelection survey. The sample plan consisted of 2,800 interviews from three strata: 1,150 from southern states, 1,150 from other states, and 500 from the general adult population. The overall survey completion rate was 68.1 percent. Poststratification weights that adjust for nonresponse and the survey sampling design were provided by Knowledge Networks.

When classifying individuals as incongruent or congruent, we created a conservative measure. If the question-response format included a middle, neutral, or don't-know category, individuals selecting these responses were coded as being congruent with their political party, even if they might consider their moderate position incongruent with their party's more extreme position. Thus, to be classified as a crosspressured partisan, an individual must not only disagree with the position taken by her own party but also agree with the position of the opposition party. For the 2004 measure from the Blair Center Survey, we also included only those issues that respondents indicated were “extremely” or “very” important to them personally. The 2004 cross-pressures measure was constructed from the following ten policy questions.

Social Security: “Some people have proposed allowing individuals to invest
portions of their social security taxes in the stock market, which might allow
them to make more money for their retirement, but would involve greater
risk than the current government-run system. Do you favor or oppose


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Persuadable Voter: Wedge Issues in Presidential Campaigns


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 252

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?