Out and Running: Gay and Lesbian Candidates, Elections, and Policy Representation

By Donald P. Haider-Markel | Go to book overview
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INDEX
abortion, 3, 45, 48
Aboud, Sen. Paula (AZ), 84
ACT UP, 20. See also activism
active representation, 9, 15. See also representation
activism: and LGBT politics ix, 18, 20, 58, 114
adoption legislation, 107
affect, towards gays and lesbians and homosexuality 27, 32, 34, 35, 69, 71, 74
African American: attitudes of, 13, 31n6; candidates 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 31, 38, 64n1, 65n3; constituencies, 10; groups, 17; legislators, xii, 10, 11, 16, 132; officials, xii, 2, 13, 85, 131; and political incorporation, xii, 11, 13; population, 7, 10, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 80, 90, 109; representation, 2, 7–8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 85, 119, 131, 142; voters, 2, 7, 22, 131
age, as a predictor variable, 35, 41, 43, 45, 49, 52,
AIDS, 19, 20, 21, 56, 90, 95, 97, 98, 99, 103, 104, 110
Alabama, 1, 88
amendment process: and LGBT-related legislation, 90, 91, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 108, 111, 114, 120, 121, 127, 129, 133, 135
Amendment 2, 22
American Family Association, 23
Americans with Disabilities Act, 21
Ammiano, Rep. Tom (CA), 93
Anderson, Sen. Calvin (Cal) (WA), 20, 22, 110, 111, 115
antidiscrimination: policy, xii, 24, 27, 34, 86, 88, 91, 95, 98, 104, 106, 110–12, 116, 120, 121, 125–28, 130, 135, 141, 153; and public opinion 27, 34, 125
anti-LGBT groups, 23, 25, 107
anti-LGBT legislation: xii, 88, 90, 93, 94, 95, 100, 101, 104, 107, 108; and LGBT descriptive representation, xii, 94, 95, 99, 100, 127, 129, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145, 153, 154, 155
Arizona, 11, 30, 70, 84, 87
Arkansas, 84, 88, 129, 142
Asian American, 10, 38
assimilationist philosophy, 18
at-large elections, 8, 10
attorney general: 50; and lesbian candidate 48, 49
backlash: theory, xi, xii, 15, 31, 94, 130, 133, 146n2; and LGBT politics, 19, 30, 31, 56, 94, 99, 130–45, 146n2, 153–56; and blacks, xii, 131, 132, 133, 146, 156; and Latinos 16, 133, 156; and public opinion 29, 30; and women, xii, 16, 131, 132, 133, 156
Baehr v. Lewin, 23
Baldwin, Rep. Tammy (D-WI), 25
ballot initiative, 19, 21, 56, 90, 106, 107, 111, 157. See also direct democracy
Barrios, Rep. Jarrett (MA), 96, 97, 98, 116
bill introduction, analysis of, 119, 123, 124, 125, 127, 130, 138, 145
bisexual, ix, 1, 56, 105, 106, 116
Biskupski, Rep. Jackie (UT), 88, 133
black candidate. See African American
black legislators. See African American
black voters. See African American
born-again, Christians, 41, 43, 52. See also Protestant fundamentalist
Boseman, Sen. Julia (NC), 148
Bowers v. Hardwick, 20

-181-

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