This book began its life a quarter of a century ago, when I commenced a research programme at London Bible College. In its original version, it was presented as a doctoral dissertation at the end of 1990. It has now been revised and updated by reference to some of the significant publications since then, including the previously unpublished fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls. This long period of germination has been due mainly to the fact that for the last twentyone years, I have been working full-time as a lawyer in central London. I should like to take the opportunity here to acknowledge with sincere thanks the help and support I have received during this time in various ways.
Looking back even further, I should like to acknowledge the excellent grounding I received in studying theology as an undergraduate at Cambridge University in 1969-70 (an academic year sandwiched between two parts of a law degree). There I benefited from lecture courses given by Professor C.F.D. Moule, nearing the end of his career, and by his successor-but-one as Lady Margaret's Professor, Graham Stanton, at the beginning of his. I also appreciated the teaching and encouragement of Dr. (later Professor) R.E. Clements, who was my Old Testament supervisor.
At London Bible College, Dr. Donald Guthrie guided my studies over a long period, and I remain very grateful for his patience, kindness and insightful comments. His humble scholarship has been a wonderful example to many. At the commencement of my research, I benefited from the encouragement and enthusiasm of the late Dr. Marcus Ward, my first external supervisor. His role was then taken by Professor Max Wilcox, while he was at the University College of North Wales in Bangor. I appreciated his depth of knowledge in the field of the use of the Old Testament in the New, and his wise advice particularly as to the scope of my dissertation. I have also been helped by conversations at various stages with Professor Leslie Allen, the Reverend Dr. R.T. (Dick) France and Professor Max Turner, and by their encouragement.
The staff at London Bible College were consistently helpful, and I valued the friendship and comments of my fellow-students when I was able to spend more time at the College at the beginning of my