AND LIMITED WARS
the tradition of non-use of nuclear weapons has profound implications beyond the security policies of nuclear weapon states (NWS). Because the tradition chiefly refers to the non-use of nuclear weapons against nonnuclear weapon states (NNWS), it is imperative to see if it has influenced NNWS' foreign and security policy behaviors in a variety of regional and strategic contexts. How have NNWS perceived the operation of the tradition, and have they adjusted their policies in view of their understanding of it? Two areas can be identified in which the tradition seems to have been influential. The first area is the wars and crises involving NWS and NNWS and the role that nuclear weapons might have played in terms of both compellence and deterrence calculations. The second area relates to the bargaining between nuclear haves and have-nots in the nonproliferation realm, in particular the conclusion and extension of the unequal Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). This chapter focuses on the first subject, while Chapter 8 deals with the latter.1
Cases of limited wars involving NWS and NNWS constitute a major area to assess the role of nuclear weapons in the strategic calculations of belligerent states. In this regard, a major puzzle is why the possession of nuclear weapons did not prevent nonnuclear states from initiating wars and military crises against nuclear states. Some pertinent questions are: Why have nuclear weapons many times failed to produce the outcomes that are supposed to result from their possession? What role do they play in limited wars involving
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Publication information: Book title: The Tradition of Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons. Contributors: T. V. Paul - Author. Publisher: Stanford University Press. Place of publication: Stanford, CA. Publication year: 2009. Page number: 143.
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