I would like foremost to thank my wife, Shoshana, and my parents, Sandy and Miriam, for their patience and support. Had I not promised Serif Aksoy that I would honor his son's bravery, this book would be dedicated to them. I'd like to thank my editor, Adi Hovav, my agent, Wendy Weil, and Wendy's colleague, Emma Patterson, for adopting a project that defied category. For helping me keep faith until my book found a home, I'd like to thank my friends in London, Tom Blass, Danny Collins, John Nichols, Tara Pepper, Jeremy Stephenson, and Deepak Vohra; my lifelong friends in the United States, Etan Ayalon, Michael Levitt, Mark McCarren, Rami Levy, David Schizer, Jon Spira-Savett, and Jonathan Springer; and my sister, Aliza Menche, and her family. For their keen insight and institutional memory, I would like to thank Kevin Boyle of Essex University and Michael O'Boyle of the European Court of Human Rights registrar's office. I could not have written this book without my dogged translators, notably Nazmi Gur in Turkey, Malika Magomadova in Ingushetia, and Cenda Ruzieka in the Czech Republic. The British Library, the Royal Courts of Justice Library, and the Middle Temple Library were generous with their access, as was the European Court of Human Rights Library. The Kurdish Human Rights Project sponsored my second reporting trip to Turkey, as part of a factfinding mission on freedom of expression and the implementation of European Court decisions. Finally, I would like to thank my editors at The American Lawyer magazine, Aric Press and Amy Singer, for giving me the flexibility to pursue this independent project while serving as their correspondent in London from 2001 to 2003.