APPENDIX BThe list below describes the way each variable was measured in the 1990 American Citizen Participation Study (CPS) and the 1996 American National Election Study (ANES).
These variables were used primarily in the analyses in Chapter 4.
Comparison of Variables from the
1990 American Citizen Participation Study and
the 1996 American National Election Study
DEPENDENT VARIABLE: OVERALL ACTIVITY INDEX
|• ||CPS: Constructed as an additive scale of dichotomous variables indicating participation in the following activities: voting, campaign work, contributing campaign money,
membership in a political organization, writing a letter to an official, trying to persuade someone how to vote, and attending a political meeting or rally. Scale ranges
from zero to 8.|
|• ||ANES: Constructed as an additive scale from dichotomous variables for participation
in the following activities: voting in the 1996 election; spending time volunteering in
the past year; being involved with a group in which the respondent discusses politics;
talking to others to persuade them to vote for/against a party or candidate; working
with others or joining an organization to work on a community problem; attending
meetings, speeches, or rallies for the candidate; contributing money to a political candidate or cause; and working for any one of the parties or candidates. Scale ranges
from zero to 8.|
|• ||CPS: Education coded into six categories based on the highest level of education
completed by the respondent: grammar school and less, some high school, high
school graduate/GED, some college, college graduate, postgraduate work. Scale
ranges from 1 to 6.|
|• ||ANES: Coded as a 7-point scale: 1 = 8 grades or less and no diploma or equivalent; 2 = 9–11 grades, no further schooling; 3 = High school diploma or GED;
4 = More than 12 years of schooling but no degree; 5 = Junior or community
college-level degree; 6 = BA-level degrees; 17+ years, no postgraduate work; 7 =
Advanced degree, including LLB. Scale ranges from 1 to 7.|
|• ||CPS: Sum of the number of correct answers the respondent provided to ten vocabulary questions. Scale ranges from zero to 10.|
|• ||ANES: Not included in analysis.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Moved to Action: Motivation, Participation, and Inequality in American Politics.
Contributors: Hahrie Han - Author.
Publisher: Stanford University Press.
Place of publication: Stanford, CA.
Publication year: 2009.
Page number: 152.
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