I AM INDEBTED to many extraordinary people who were generous with their time, ideas, and good humor. Their comments made my work on this book much more challenging and interesting. Among these people are: Lawrence Alan Alexander, Norman L. Cantor, Meir Dan-Cohen, Sherry F. Colb, Donna Dennis, Joshua Dressler, Markus D. Dubber, Gerald Dworkin, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan, George P. Fletcher, Gary L. Francione, Anna Gelpern, Stuart P. Green, Alon Harel, Adil Haque, Kyron J. Huigens, Heidi M. Hurd, Douglas N. Husak, Howard A. Latin, John Leubsdorf, Boris Lokshin, Gregory A. Mark, Stephen J. Morse, Iñigo Ortiz de Urbina Gimeno, Elizabeth Rapaport, Kenneth W. Simons, George C. Thomas III, Mark S. Weiner, Peter Westen, Ekow N. Yankah, and Leo Zaibert.
Several of them should be mentioned twice: Markus D. Dubber without whose help and encouragement this project would have never been accomplished; George C. Thomas III who has continuously followed and supported the development of my manuscript; and Alon Harel, Heidi M. Hurd, Douglas N. Husak, Kenneth W. Simons, and Iñigo Ortiz de Urbina Gimeno whose insightful commentaries significantly deepened my understanding of criminal law theory and prompted me to rethink and sharpen many of my arguments.
I am also grateful to the Deputy Director of Rutgers Law Library Paul Axel-Lute for his outstanding research and advice; my research assistants Joshua M. Gaffney, Eric Finkelstein, Melody He, Rebecca Klein, Elina Leviyeva, Linda Posluszny, Melanie L. Ryan, and Kathleen Wells for their expert help throughout my work on this book; participants of the Victims and Criminal Justice System symposium at Pace Law School and members of faculty